the amount of solute that dissolves in a given quantity of a solvent at a specified temperature and pressure to produce a saturated solution.
contains the maximum amount of a solute for a given quantity of solvent at constant temperature and pressure.
solution contains less solute than a saturated solution. If additional solute is added it will dissolve until solution becomes saturated.
liquids are miscible if they dissolve in each other in all proportions.
liquids that are insoluble in one another
contains more solute then it can theoretically hold at a given temperature.
at a given temp, the solubility (S) of a gas in a liquid is directly proportional to the pressure (P) of the gas above the liquid. As pressure above gas decreases, solubility decreases.
a measure of the amount of solute dissolved in a given quantity of solvent
the number of moles of solute dissolved in one liter of solution.
when both the solute and the solvent are liquid, we measure the volume of both.
property of solutions that depends only on the number of solute particles, not upon solute identity.
freezing point depression
the difference in the temp. between the freezing point of a solution and the freezing point of the pure solvent.
boiling point elevation
the difference in the temp. between the boiling point of a solution and the boiling point of the pure solvent.