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CST Vocabulary

Passage/Excerpt

A smaller part of a larger reading

Root

a word part that has meaning by itself

Cause

reason

theme

overall message of a passage

thematic topic

the theme of a passage

conflict

..Internal or External problem.

point of view

...The Vantage point from which the story is told.

first person

...one of the characters ,using the personal pronoun I, is telling the story.

third person limited

...the narrator focuses on the thoughts and feelings of only one character.

third person omniscient

...narrator knows everything and narrator is not in the story.

narrator

...the person who tells the story

supports

...backs it up with fact or details

argument

...a position supported by evidence.

article

...newspaper or magazine

factual

...true or accurate

evidence

...a writer uses to support a position.

result

...effect or what happens

concludes

...ends or finishes

first person pronouns

...I,me,my,mine,we,us,our,ours.

third person pronouns

...he,him,his,she,her,hers,it,its,they,them,their,theirs.

events

...things that advance the story.

speaker

the voice talking in a poem.

stanza

in a poem a group of conescutive lines that forms a a single unit.

contain

..., include or contain

metaphor

an imaginative comparison between two unlike things in which one is said to be another thing

document

..., writing that provides information (especially information of an official nature)

primary

..., of primary importance

intent

..., An aim or purpose

technical

..., characterizing or showing skill in or specialized knowledge of applied arts and sciences

persuade

...to convince us to think or act in a certain way.

phrase

..., Any group of words that is missing either a Subject or a Verb.

contradicted

...opposite/ disagree

instruction book

...usually a technical item, how to use it

sales advertisement

...gives prices and locations : a consumer document

inform

...to give information

recall

...remember

introduction

...the begining, telling what you the text is about

main purpose

...The "Why it was written"

instruct

...give instructions, how to

narrative form

...Telling of a story :begining, middle,end

argue

...opposite opinion

excerpt

...a small piece of text from a bigger text

illustrates

...1. helps you picture or 2. actual picture

idiom

...non-related "fluffy" language : Piece of cake= very easy

Author's attitude

...Author's opinion towards the text.

objective (as a a character trait)

...Why the character acts the way they do. Character's goal

Purpose

...Reason

Selection

...Text, story, article,essay

Anecdote

...A short story used to support a main idea

Encounter

...meeting

Foreshadows

...Author gives a hint about what is going to happen

Assertion

...Claim or statement. Must be supported

Tone

...Dark/Light Funny/Sad the "feeling" of the text

Analogies

..., comparisons of similarities between unlike things

Setting

..., The time and place of a story

Dialogue

..., conversation between two or more people

Essay

..., an analytic or interpretive literary composition

Short Story

..., a prose narrative shorter than a novel

Novel

..., a extended fictional work in prose

Prose poem

..., is a compact and rhythmic composition written in a form of a paragraph. It uses vivid figures of speech

Features

..., traits or characteristics

Statement

..., a document showing credits and debits

Organization

..., an organized structure for arranging or classifying

Cause and Effect

..., The reason something happens and the result of it happening.

Compare and contrast

..., tell how things are alike and different

Process

..., a series of steps leading to a result

Step-by-step order

..., where actions must be performed in a specific order, ex. a recipe.

Issue

..., an important question that is in dispute and must be settled

Hyperbole

..., extreme exaggeration

Simile

..., comparison using like or as

Address

..., direct a question at someone

Section

..., a self-contained part of a larger composition (written or musical)

Inquire

..., conduct an inquiry or investigation of

Accurate

..., exactly correct

Category

..., a collection of things sharing a common attribute

Diagram

..., a drawing intended to explain how something works

Scrutinize

..., to look at critically or searchingly, or in minute detail

Skim

..., reading or glancing through quickly

Prefix

..., an affix that added in front of the word

Word Choice

..., the vocabulary a writer chooses to convey meaning

Suffix

..., an affix that is added at the end of the word

transition

..., a word or phrase that links one idea to the next and carries the reader from sentence to sentence, paragraph to paragraph.

Outline

..., Use a specific and shortened form to organize main ideas, supporting details, and examples.

subject

..., who or what the sentence is about

Version

..., account or description from one point of view; interpretation

Suggest

..., make a proposal, declare a plan for something

Works Cited

..., a complete listing of references cited parenthetically in the report and keyed on a separate page

Bibliography

..., the written list of all the sources used in a report or book

Revision

..., the act of rewriting something

General

..., a fact about the whole (as opposed to particular)

Bulleted

..., list is a series of paragraphs, each beginning with a bullet character

Link

..., connect, fasten, or put together two or more pieces

Locate

Find

Style

..., a way of expressing something (in language or art or music etc.) that is characteristic of a particular person or group of people or period

Facts

Something you can prove

Details

..., pieces of information that support or tell more about the main idea

Editor

..., a person responsible for the editorial aspects of publication

Most logical

Makes the most sense

Punctuate

Adding periods, commas, etc.

In-text Citation

(Smith 49)

Concluding Sentence

The final/last sentence

Unify

Bring together

Phrase/fragment

Part of a sentence

Comma Splice

A comma placed at the end of a sentence rather than a period.

Previous/Prior

Before

Rough draft

Writing that has editing marks and is not final yet.

Traced

..., To follow the trail or tracks of; to locate.

Effective

It works well.

Manipulate

To change

Analyze

Think through and break into pieces.

Summarize

Tell a shorter version in your own words.

Evaluate

Judge its worth/importance

Formulate

Come up with or plan

Describe

Tell in your own words: who, what, where, when, why

Explain

Tell how

Support

Back up with details. How do you know? Tell why.

Predict

What do you think will happen next?

Contrast

How are they different?

Compare

How are they the same?

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