All Political power is concentrated in a centralized government. Decisions can be made more quickly
If a portion of the population disagrees with the policies of a government , the people can weaken a central government. Centralized government answers only to the people.
Central and state government operate independently of eachother.
States exist with 4 characteristics
Soveriegnty, people, territory, government
Charles de Montesquie
made a book called spirits of laws which became the framework for the american constitution for the seperation of powers.
Fuedalism is based on
own ownership of land and social class system
Government does no exsist in its pure form , people still participate in it through iniatives, referendums, and recalls.
"Rule of the people"
This form of government has an absolute ruler who only looks out for himself and reigns as a tyrant.
This form of government controls every aspect of an individuals life.
gov't strictly controls businesses, Trade takes a competetive edge, private ownership and management of a product.
First form of Government
Argued a priniciple that was the framework of The American Constitution known as the seperation of powers
Theory that believes states were created by war; the Strong rules the Weak.
Divine Right of Kings Theory
Theory that gave authority based on inherent rights
Social Contract Theory
Theory that proposed the states power was limited by the people; formed the framework for america government.
Theory that proposed that over time the state developed from the family unit into clan, into tribes, into states.
Grew out of the laisezz-faire system
Grew out of Capitalism
An early economic system that gave the government strict control over business.
Grew out of Socialism
The Purpose of the Magna Carta
To dissolve the power of the monarchy
Continental congress was unicameral in nature
Assumed all responsibility for the governing of people power was limited.
The Father of the Declaration of Independence
Independence over loyolty
Colony answered dirctly to the king
Elected President of the Second Continental Congress
Rode to lexington to warn the colonists that the british had noved out of boston
The Treaty Of Paris
Treaty that ended the American revolution
The Townshend Acts
Parliament that taxed imports of the colonists
Charter was issued by the king for exploration and purposes of profit
First Contiental Congress met
To deliver a declaration of rights to the king. action against british oppression, urge boycott to english goods.
Loyolist that pledged for the king
Why people went from supporting Britain to Support Revolution for Independence
They wrote pamphlets explaining the need for independenceUnder the leadership of George Washingtion, the continental army was experiencing military succes Parliament had closed the boston Ports
Customs and Traditions and prior judicial Decisions that formed.
The Boston Tea Party
Final Event that incited Britain, and the Begininning of the American Revolution.
British took interests in The American Charters.
Britain wanted more revenue wanted to be a more powerful trading empire didnt want other countries taking the raw materials and resources from the colonies.
Declaration stated in the preamble
Dissolve allegiance to Britain and declare independence.
American Colonist began organizing thier state constitutions
Popular Sovereignty ,limit the government, protect natural rights
Articles of Confederation are weak because
it could not raise money to make a military, regulated colonial trade, no authority to enforce laws
Articles of confederation
Established 13 coloniesmanage the Warkeep 13 colonies away from foreign invasion
9 out of 13 votes acquired 2/3rds
To pass laws under the articles.
Alexander Hamilton invited states to philadelphia
To ammend the Articles of Confederation
Daniel Shay a rebellion against a great debt that farmers had occured; a protest against the farm foreclosures and revealed lack of power to ensure order and security.
Impose taxes, Ammend constitutions negotiate trade* asemble a military.
Coin Money, declare war or to make peace
Articles of Confederation
First CONSTITUTION under the U.S.A was governed??
is the same as free Enterprise
The first Constitution that governed america was Founded under 3 Principles
Popular Soverignty, In alienable rights , Limited Authority
The NorthWest Ordinance of 1787 passed by Congress
Provided means that the new states can be admitted to the union. and means of expansion of america to pacific oceanProvided new territories to be admitted on an equal footing as the other states.
Democracy is built upon what basic principles
CompromiseEquality of all people Inalienable rights.
Number of delegates , terms limit, reasons for impeachment
Limitations of Congress
Cost of Defense and general welfare comes from common treasury funded by land value
Authorizes name of the states
Characteristics of the Unitary Government
Gov't is unicameral All power is centralized in one location Decisions can be made quickly
The Mayflower Compact
A covenant that formed the earliest form of government for a group of colonists.
The Northwest Ordinance of 1787
A document that had the greatest impact on uniting the states around the westward expansion of America
Declaration of Independence
A document that made the colonies free from British goverance
The Magna Carta
Is a Document that dissolved the power of the monarchy and established individual liberties for British Subjects
The Articles of Confederation
A document that organized and united the colonies during the Revolutionary War.
The Revolutionary War ended
with the treaty of paris in the town of Yorktown Virginia
Weaknesses why the Articles DID NOT establish STRONG central gov't
It could not impose taxes to pay for the war It could not enforce laws it could not raise a military during times of conflict.
colonists answered directly to the king All approval came through the king Govener and advisory council were chosen by the king.
Power divided by central and lower level units*State and National gov't operate independently of eachother
Gov't is subservient to the people* State gov't can restrict the central gov't power
Divine Right Theory
Gov't recieved their authority from the creator, and as such were passed on as inherent rights.
The Evolutionary Theory
Over time , gov't's naturally grew out of families, into clans, into tribes, into states
Social Contract theory
gov't authority arises from the people , and the gov't must respect mans natural rights.
Distinct characteristics of "state or government"
Organization, territory,people,power of soverignty
The Stamp Act
Required all English Subjects , both in Britain and in North America, to pay taxes on printed materials.
The Boston Massacre
Readied the state for an impending war between the colonists and Britain, event resulted in death of five colonists
The Intolerable Acts
Were Orders as punishment for the colonists behavior ; order by Britain to regain control of the colonies
The Townshend Acts
Attempts by parliament to tax the colonists imports; actions resulted in colonists boycotting british goods.
Restricted colonies from trading with other nations.
The Boston Tea Party
Refusal by colonists to allow British ships to leave the harbor; ships were boarded and cargo destroyed
The Tea Tax
Shipping tea directly to colonies to sell at bargain prices on British Ships caused by violent reaction by the colonists
GREW OUT OF The Magna CartaFound and written under the rule of law prior judicial desicions.
The Declaration of the Independence
Natual Rights of MAn " all men are created EQUAL" a list of oppressions by Great Britain, Free and independent states have the full power to do what all independent states do.
Representation of people, Limited Government, Religous Toleration
3 Fundamental Principles American Colonies eventually based thier state governments