Poetry terms

Created by mrmonaco 

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Alliteration

repetition of initial consonant sounds

Allusion

a reference in a literary work to something famous

Approximate Rhyme

rhyme in which the final sounds of words are similar but not identical also know as imperfect rhyme, close rhyme, near rhyme.

Assonance

a type of alliteration in which repeated vowel sounds can be identified in a line or lines of poetry

Audience

the intended reader of a piece of literature

Consonance

a type of alliteration in which the repeated consonant sounds are anywhere in the words

End Rhyme

Rhyme that occurs at the end of two or more lines of poetry

Extended Metaphor

a metaphor which extends over several lines or an entire poem

Figurative Language

non-literal expressions to get across certain ideas more vividly

Hyperbole

a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor

Idiom

an expression in which the literal meaning of the words is not the meaning of the expression

Imagery

Description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste)

Implied Metaphor

a comparison is hinted but not clearly stated

Internal Rhyme

a word inside a line rhymes with another word on the same line

Line break

the place where the poet breaks a line of poetry

Metaphor

a figure of speech comparing two unlike things without using like or as

Mood

the overall emotion created by a work of literature

Onomatopoeia

the use of words that imitate sounds

Personification

a type of figurative language in which a nonhuman subject is given human characteristics

Poetic License

the freedom to change words or invent new ones, rearrange the normal order of words, and omit understood phrases in order to create a certain mood/ special meaning

Refrain

a sound, word, phrase or line repeated in a poem

Repetition

Repeating a word or phrase within a poem

Rhyme

repetition of end sounds

Rhyme Scheme

the pattern of rhymes in a poem

Rhythm

the arrangement of spoken words alternating stressed and unstressed elements

Simile

a comparison using like or as

Slant Rhyme

rhyme in which the vowel sounds are nearly, but not exactly the same (ie "stress" and "kiss") sometimes called half-rhyme, near rhyme, or partial rhyme

Speaker

the person speaking in the poem, like the narrator in prose - not always the poet

Stanza

a group of lines in a poem

Symbolism

things that stand for something else

Theme

the underlying meaning of a poem, the idea/message/intent presented by the author

Tone

The attitude of the author toward the audience and characters (e.g., serious or humorous).

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