## 62 terms · 5th Grade EOG Math

### factors

a whole number that divides exactly into another number

### meter

a metric unit for measuring length, equal to 100 centimeters

### angle

two rays meeting at a common point

### center

a point that is equal distance from all parts of a circle

### digit

symbol used to show a number

### estimate

to reach an approximate answer often by rounding

### fraction

any part of a group, number or whole

### line

a long thin continuous mark

### decimal

a number with a dot that indicates less than one

### solve

find the solution to a problem

### product

the result when two numbers are multiplied

### simplify

to reduce the numerator and denominator in a fraction to the smallest numbers possible

### pattern

repeated design or recurring sequence

### divide

sharing or grouping a number into equal parts

### value

what something is worth or the amount

### numerator

number above the line of a fraction, showing the number of parts of the whole

### denominator

bottom number in a fraction, the number of parts the whole is divided into

### equivalent

having the same amount or value

### sequence

ordered list of objects

### multiple

a number that is a product of a number and another number

### quotient

the answer to a division problem

### obtuse angle

An angle that measures more than 90 degrees but less than 180 degrees

### acute angle

An angle less than 90 degrees

### isosceles triangle

triangle with two congruent sides

### equilateral triangle

all sides are congruent

### scalene triangle

a triangle with no congruent sides

### congruent

Having the same size and shape

### vertex

the point of intersection of lines or the point opposite the base of a figure

### ray

(mathematics) a straight line extending from a point

### point

a very small circular shape, a geometric element that has position but no extension

### perpendicular

intersecting at or forming right angles

### parallel

being everywhere equidistant and not intersecting

lines that cross

### diagonal

(geometry) a straight line connecting any two vertices of a polygon that are not adjacent

### expression

a mathematical phrase that contains operations, numbers, and/or variables

### equation

a mathematical statement that two expressions are equal

### inequality

A statement that compares two quantities using <, >, ≤,≥, or ≠

### stem and leaf

A way to display data, the values are grouped so that all but the last digit is the same in each category

### line graph

A graph that uses line segments to show changes that occur over time

### bar graph

a graph that uses horizontal or vertical bars to display data

### compatible numbers

Numbers that are close to the given numbers that make estimation or mental calculation easier

### right angle

the 90 degree angle between two perpendicular lines

### complementary

Two angles whose measures have a sum of 90°

### supplementary

sum of angles that equals 180 degrees

### ordered pairs

pair of numbers that give the coordinates for a point on a grid

### mean

an average of n numbers computed by adding some function of the numbers and dividing by some function of n

### median

The middle number in a set of numbers that are listed in order

### mode

the most frequent value of a random variable

### range

the limits of the values a function can take

### line plot

a graph that shows the frequency of data along a number line

### polygon

a closed plane figure bounded by straight sides

a four-sided polygon

### hexagon

a six-sided polygon

### pentagon

a five-sided polygon

### octagon

an eight-sided polygon

### square

(geometry) a plane rectangle with four equal sides and four right angles

### rectangle

a parallelogram with four right angles

### circle graph

A graph of data where the entire circle represents the whole or 100%

### pictograph

a graph that uses pictures to show and compare information

### variable

a symbol (like x or y) that is used in mathematical or logical expressions to represent a variable quantity

multiply

### equivalent

equal in amount or value

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