The Spread of Islam

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Which leader unified Arabia into a Muslim state through battle?

Abu Bakr

After Muhammad's death, the title given to Islam's highest leaders was?

caliph

Which is the best prediction of what might have happened if the Berbers had kept fighting the Muslims?

Muslim rule would have spread more slowly in North Africa

Muslim merchants could trade with people in many different areas because. . .

Arabia was at a crossroads location

Why did the Abbasids reorganize the government?

To make it easier to rule their large region

Which of the following areas was NOT conquered by the Muslims during the 600s?

Spain

Tolerance was. . .

the Muslim practice of accepting other people's religious beliefs

Which of the following did the Arabs copy from the Persians?

their form of government bureaucracy

In what way were Corboda and Baghdad similar?

They were both centers of culture and learning.

What can you infer about how the scholars at Corboda university influenced the spread of Islam?

They helped it by translating writings produced in the Muslim world.

What was the most important factor in the spread of Islam from the 600s to the 1600s?

conquering all the non-Muslims

The exchange of beliefs and customs between the Muslims and the people they conquered causes. . .

their cultures to blend

In what way did the practice of tolerance affect the Jewish people of Cordoba?

They were able to contribute to the city's cultural growth.

In what way were the effects of trade and tolerance on the Muslim world similar?

They both allowed other cultures to influence the Muslim world.

Janissaries were

slave soldiers in the Ottoman army.

Which Ottoman leader became known was the "the Conqueror"?

Mehmed II

During Suleyman I's rule, the Ottoman Empire

took control of the Eastern Mediterranean and parts of Europe.

Which of the following best describes the Ottoman Empire between 1453 and 1566?

It greatly expanded its power and territories

"I am committed to this action; God and the Immaculate Imams are with me, and I fear no one." In the above passage, Esma'il is referring to his

decision to make Shiism the official religion of his empire

What was the most important difference between the Sunni and the Shia?

The Shia thought that caliphs had to be related to Muhammad

The leader of the Safavid Empire was called the

shah

Which of the following best summarizes 'Abbas's influence on the Safavid economy?

He helped it by encouraging the manufacture of traditional products.

Akbar's tolerant religious policy helped

to unify the Mughal Empire

Which of the following best describes how the Ottoman Empire and the Mughal Empire were similar?

it greatly expanded its power and territory

Which of the following is true of the Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal empires?

They tried to expand their territory through warfare

After failing to establish an empire in Central Asia, where did Babur succeed in 1526?

India

Which of the following was the key reason the Mughal Empire collapsed?

Its tolerant religious policies were changed and the people revolted

In terms of importance to the spread of knowledge in the Islamic world, which would you rank first?

The scholars all understood Arabic

Arab scholars used the astrolabe

to figure out their location on earth

Who wrote a medical encyclopedia that was translated into Latin and widely used throughout Europe?

Ibn-Sina

Muslim calligraphy was a combination of

art and literature

What significant geographical discovery did al-Idrisi make?

Land did not go all the way around the Indian Ocean

Al-Khwarizmi's book about al-jabr was significant because it was the

foundation for modern algebra

Ar-Razi

discovered how to diagnose and treat smallpox

The Sufism movement was a reaction against

the interest of Muslims in worldly things

Minarets were used to

call Muslims to prayer

In what way did the mosques change as the Muslim world grew richer?

They became more elaborately decorated

Who was one of the most famous Sufi poets?

Omar Khayyam

Which of the following is true of Muslim art, architecture, and science?

They were all influenced in some way by the Muslim religion

Which of the following was not true of Muslim calligraphy?

It was used in captions for paintings

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