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Ring of Fire

a circle where tectonic plates meet and there are many earth quakes and volcanoes

Himalayas

the world's highest mountain range; located in South Asia; includes Mount Everest, the world's tallest mountain peak; these mountains separate India from China

Qinling Shandi Mountains

located in southeastern & east-central China; they divide the northern part of China from the southern part of China

Plateau of Tibet

vast, elevated plateau in Central Asia covering most of the Tibet Autonomous Region and Qinghai Province in western China,stretches approximately 1,000 kilometers (620 mi) north to south and 2,500 kilometers (1,600 mi) east to west

Tarim Basin

area is sparsely settled by the Uyghurs, other Turkic peoples and Tajiks.

Korean Peninsula

in East Asia. It extends southwards for about 684 miles (1,100 km) from continental Asia into the Pacific Ocean and is surrounded by the Sea of Japan to the east, and the Yellow Sea to the west, the Korea Strait connecting the first two bodies of water.

Hainan (Island)

smallest province of the People's Republic of China (PRC)

Hong Kong

land mass of 1,104 km2 (426 sq mi) and a population of seven million people, Hong Kong is one of the most densely populated areas in the world.[11] Hong Kong's population is 95 percent ethnic Chinese and 5 percent from other groups

Yangtze River

longest river in Asia, and the third longest in the world. It flows for 6,418 kilometers (3,988 mi)

West River

western tributary of the Pearl River in China

Pearl River (also an estuary)

China's third longest river (2,400 km, after the Yangtze River and the Yellow River), and second largest by volume (after the Yangtze)

Three Gorges Dam

a dam begun in the late 20th century on the Chang Jiang in China, to help control flooding, generate power, & allow ships to sail farther into China; will span a valley more than 1 mile wide

Aquaculture

farming of aquatic organisms such as fish, crustaceans, molluscs and aquatic plants

Typhoon

mature tropical cyclone that develops in the northwestern part of the Pacific Ocean between 180° and 100°E

Japan

an island nation in East Asia, located in the Pacific Ocean

Kanto earthquake

struck the Kantō plain on the Japanese main island of Honshū at 11:58:44 am on Saturday, September 1, 1923

Buddhism

played an enormous role in shaping the mindset of the Chinese people, affecting their aesthetics, politics, literature, philosophy and medicine

Siddhartha Gautama

was a spiritual teacher from the Indian subcontinent, on whose teachings Buddhism was founded

Four Noble Truths/Eightfold Path

teachings on the four noble truths explain the nature of dukkha

Tibetan Buddhism

Regions practiced: Himalayas, including Tibet, northern Nepal, Bhutan, and India

The Potala Palace

the chief residence of the Dalai Lama until the 14th Dalai Lama fled to Dharamsala, India, during the 1959 Tibetan uprising

Confucianism

Chinese ethical and philosophical system developed from the teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius

Taoism

refers to a philosophy and/or religious tradition that emphasizes living in harmony with everything that exists

Lao tse

a deity in most religious forms of Taoist philosophy

yin and yang

polar opposites or seemingly contrary forces are interconnected and interdependent in the natural world

Feng shui

to help one improve life by receiving positive qi

Chinese inventions

paper-making, the compass, gunpowder, and printing

Zen Buddhism

Zen emphasizes the personal expression of experiential wisdom in the attainment of enlightenment

Shinto

It is a set of practices, to be carried out diligently, to establish a connection between present day Japan and its ancient past

torii gate

is a traditional Japanese gate most commonly found at the entrance of or within a Shinto shrine, where it symbolically marks the transition from the profane to the sacred

Samurai

is the term for the military nobility of pre-industrial Japan

Shogun

was one of the (usually) hereditary military dictators of Japan

Burakumin

are a Japanese social minority group

Baseball

it is a popular game in the chinese culture and adapted from western culture

Juku

private schools that offer lessons conducted after regular school hours and on the weekends

Commodore Matthew Perry

man who opened up east asia up to trade with western markets in 1845

Giri

a Japanese value roughly corresponding to "duty", "obligation"

Ninjo

is human feeling that complements and opposes the value of giri, or social obligation

Yurt

portable tent that most nomads use for shelter

pastoral nomadism

form of life where livestock are herded in order to find fresh pastures on which to graze following an irregular pattern of movement

China's One Child Policy

in order to control the rapidly growing population each family is allowed to have one child

Megalopolis

a dense city which holds millions of people

public transit

in tokyo many light rails and subways are used to transport the massive population

edge cities

government set up cities that try and draw people away from megalopolises, a place where people can work and live

spheres of influence

a trade alliance formed from european countries with China, the countries made China sign treaties which gave them certain rights to parts of China's trade

Boxer Rebellion

the chinese response to be under the control of the spheres of influence

Sun Yat-sen

founded nationalist party in 1912

Chiang Kai-shek

took over nationalist party and unified country in 1920 then was taken over by communist party in 1930

Mao Redoing

1949 the communist the nationalists with this guy

Deng Xiaoping

1976 became China's most powerful leader throughout the 80's

economic tigers

cheap labor, high technology, aggressive exports

Pacific Rim

an economic & social region that includes the countries that surround the Pacific Ocean; extends clockwise from New Zealand in the western Pacific to Chile in the eastern Pacific - it also includes the west coast of the U.S.

Jakota Triangle

a zone of prosperity during the 1980's & early 1990's: Japan, South Korea, & Taiwan

Economic Recession of 1990s

banks went bankrupt and many investors pulled out of major companies

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