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A seemingly impossible and impassible test presented and graded by Mr. Ed Martin . . . Good Luck:)

constellation

a small group of stars in a noticable pattern. ex., ursa major, taurus, orion

asterism

a smaller group of stars within a constellation in a noticable pattern. ex., the big dipper in ursa major, the tea pot in saggitarious

galaxy

a large natural group of stars held together by gravity. ex., our galaxy is the milky way

celestial

of or partaining to the heavens or sky. ex., a planet, a star

azimuth

is the angle measured from the zenith from true north to a celestial object. Ex., north=0 degrees, east= 90 degrees, south=180 degrees, west= 270 degrees

altitude

the angle above the horizen

latitude

latitudinal lines run east and west and circumvent the globe. Measureed in degrees. 10/15 degree increments. maximum latitude is 90 degrees

longitude

run north ad south. measured in degrees. prime meridian runs through Greenwich, England, and is at 0 degrees longitude. 15 degrees east and west of the Prime Meridian. International Dateline(where day changes) has longitude of 180 degrees E. or W.

declination

is the extension at latitude in to space. it is mesaured in degrees

right ascension

is the extension of longitude into space. measured in hours, minutes, seconds

equator

0 degrees latitude. latitude is measured n/s of it.

prime meridian

runs through Greenwich, England. 0 degrees longitude

meridian

lines running n/s on the globe, measured e/w of the prime meridian, approximately 15 degrees apart from eachother, 24 encircle the earth

Greenwich, England

the city inwhich the prime meridian runs through is at 0 degrees longitude

international dateline

where day changes has a longitude of 180 degrees e or w

degrees/ hours

are devided into minutes, which are further devided into seconds

zenith

the point directly overhead= altitude of 90 degrees

ecliptic

the apparent path of the sun. (the earth rotates, giving the illlusion that the sun moves across the sky from the east to the west)

how many degrees are in a circle? how does this relate to astronomy?

360 degrees- the lones of latitude and longitude extend into space

a timezone is 15 degrees why?

because there is 360 degrees around the globe, and 24 hours in a day

what are the north and south poles latitudes?

N=90 degrees N. latitude S=90 degrees S. Latitude

what are the two ways of locating celestial objects in the sky?(2)

1. Declination and right ascension 2. altitude and azimuth

what constellations are currently in the sky?

scorpious, saggittarious, ursa major, capricorn, pegasis, and Cassiopeia

what are some asteriums currenky in the night sky?

big dipper, little dipper, teapot

why are vconstellations impportant to astronimers even though they are artificial?

to locate other celestial objects

why do we say a galaxy is natural and a constellation is artificial?

you can't see depth in constellation, they just appear to allign a certian way, but the actual distances may vary.

will someone in earth and space help me on this definition, please?: what is the scientific significance of zodiac constellations? thanks

they are found along the ecliptic

what zodiac constellations are presently in the night sky?

libra, scorpius, saggitarious, capricorn, aquarious

aquarious=

water carrier

Pisces=

2 fish

aries=

flying ram

taurus=

the bull

gemini=

2 brothers

cancer=

crab

leo=

the lion

virgo=

maiden(goddess of the harvest)

libra=

scales

scorpius=

the scorpion

saggitarius=

the archer

capricorn=

the seagoat

how do you find Polaris in the night time sky?

find the big dippper and then you follow the front edge of the big dipper

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