2 issues that divide islam
leadership and who is umma
3 Uses of Islam
Definition os Islam
the sacred writings of Islam revealed by God to the prophet Muhammad during his life at Mecca and Medina
the literal translation means "story"; traditional teachings based on Muhammad's words and actions; these traditions are traced to eyewitness accounts
A chapter of the Quran. This word literally means "fence" or "enclosure". There are 114 surahs in the Quran, arranged in the order of descending length
Verse in the Qur'an
Early Meccan Suras,Latter Meccan Sura's,Medinan Sura's
Remembrance of God
The five basic ritual or devotional duties of Sunni Islam, namely: a declaration of faith in God (shahada); five daily prayers (salat); fasting (saum); almsgiving (zakat); and pilgrimage to Mecca (hajj).
the pilgrimage to Mecca, which every adult Muslim is supposed to make at least once in his or her lifetime: the fifth of the Pillars of Islam.
Charity, the fourth pillar of Islam is almsgiving as an act of worship
The ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar, a period during which Muslims fast, in accordance with the third of the Five Pillars
the second pillar of Islam is prayer
the first pillar of Islam is an affirmation of faith
Islamic Jurisprudence. Qur'an gives a clearly defined and concrete answer on what is right and wrong and how to deal with different issues.
person, human being
the code of law derived from the Koran and from the teachings and example of Mohammed
the moment in prayer when the forehead touches the ground
An Islamic mystical tradition that desired a personal union with God--divine love through intuition rather than through rational deduction and study of the shari'a. Followed an ascetic routine (denial of physical desire to gain a spiritual goal), dedicating themselves to fasting, prayer, meditation on the Qur'an, and the avoidance of sin.
Often misinterpreted as one's fate or destiny; rather, it is a "divine destiny" that is unique to each person. An example from class: Sonn describes qadr as one's capability or challenge to achieve something. Thus, an acorn's qadr is that it has the capability to grow into an oak tree, but it is not necessarily destined to do so.
the first or opening sura of the Quran which is the central prayer of Islam and is used on all special occasions as well as during the five daily prayers
inspiration; the way the Qur'an was revealed to Muhammad
the monotheistic religion of Muslims founded in Arabia in the 7th century and based on the teachings of Muhammad as laid down in the Koran
the body of mullahs (Muslim scholars trained in Islam and Islamic law) who are the interpreters of Islam's sciences and doctrines and laws and the chief guarantors of continuity in the spiritual and intellectual history of the Islamic community