the only god of islam
a prophet that was born into a powerful meccan family after little school he later became a trader and business manager
a monotheistic religion that developed in arabia translated to "submission to the will of allah"
one who practices islam translated to "one who has submitted"
a migration led by muhammad from mecca to yathrib. many followers joined the migration
islamic house of worship
the pilgrimage to mecca performed as a duty by muslims
the holy book of the islam
the best model for proper living; based on muhammads life and teahcings
a body of law that regulates the family life, moral conduct, and business and community for the life of muslims
a supreme political and religous leader in muslim government. translates to "successor" or "deputy"
a family that came to power and made the muslim capital Damascus they later established a kindom in al-andulas
a branch of islam whose member acknowledge ali and his descendant and rightful succesors of muhammad
the branch of islam whose members acknowledge the first four calpihs as rightful successors of muhammad "followers of muhammads example"
those who rejected the luxurious life of the umayyads and seeks to achieve direct contact with god through mystical means
a powerful group that helped overthrow the umayyads and then ttok comtrol of the empire
a muslim religion that is in modern day spain
a caliphate that was formed by shi'a muslims who claimed descent from muhammads daughter fatima and built empires in noth africa, arabia, and syria
house of wisdom
a center opened by caliph al-Ma'mun in baghdad that was a combination of a library, academy, and translation center
the art of beautiful handwriting turned to by many muslim artists