Latin: Lesson 25

32 terms by addieg21 

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civis,civis (i-stem)

masculine. citizen

fors, (defective;ablis forte)

feminine. chance;luck

hora,horae

feminine. hour

litus,litoris

neuter, seashore; coast

natura,naturae

feminine, birth;nature

nox,noctis (i-stem)

feminine,night

sanguis,sanguinis

masculine.blood

ceteri,ae,a

the other,the rest (of)

felix,felicis

lucky,successful,happy

fugio, fugere, fugi,fugitus,a,um

flee,flee from

quidem (post-positive adv)

in fact;to be sure;at any rate
*post-positive means that the word cannot stand in first position/part of the sentence.

ne...quidem

not even

I-stem Rules

-(-ium) in the genitive plural of all i-stems
-(-i) in the ablative singular
-(-ia) in the nominative/accusative in neuter i-stems

ablative of means

the ablative of means uses no preposition

ablative of manner

the ablative of manner uses the preposition cum, except when an adjective is attached to the object, in which case the preposition cum is optional

accusative of duration of time

The accusative case, without a preposition, is used to answer how long.

ablative of time when

The ablative case , without a preposition, is used to answer the question when.

ablative of time within which

The ablative case , without a preposition, is used to answer the question within what period of time.

sui,sibi,se,se

It is the same in the singular and the plural. It is a third person reflexive pronoun (himself,herself,itself,themselves)

mei,mihi,me,me,nostrum/nostri,nobis,nos,nobis

The first person reflexive pronoun used for myself.

tui,tibi,te,te,vestrum,vestri,vobis,vos,vobis

The second person reflexive pronoun used for yourself/yourselves.

Genitive of the Personal/Reflexive Pronouns

The genitive of personal and reflexive pronouns is ot used to show possession. Instead we use the possessive adjectives.

meus,a,um

my,mine,my (own)

noster,nostra,nostrum

our,ours,our (own)

tuus,a,um

your,yours,your (own)

vester,vestra,vestrum

your,yours,your (own)

suus,a,um

his,his (own),her,hers,her (own), its,its (own),their,theirs,their (own)

hic haec,hoc

means this/these
hic,haec,hoc,huis,huic,hunc,hanc,hoc,hoc,hac,hoc
hi,hae,haec,horum,harum,horum,his,hos,has,haec,his

is,ea,id

is, ea,id are personal pronouns such as he,she,it,they.
is,ea,id,eius,ei,eum,eam.id,eo,eā,eo
ei,eae,ea,eorum,earum,eorum,eis,eos,eas,ea,eis

ille,illa,illud

means that, those
ille,illa,illud,illius,illi,illum,illam,ilud,illo,illā,illo
illi,illae,illa,illorum,illarum,illorum,illis,illos,illas,illa,illis

Regular 3rd Declension Nouns

Regular 3rd declension nouns use varies,is,i,em,e

Irregular 3rd Declension Nouns

Irregular 3rd Declension Nouns/I-stem are the same besides ium in the genitive plural,ia in the neuter nominative/accusative,i in the neuter ablative singular.

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