5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- every vassal swore first allegiance to William over all other lords, making him the liege lord
- colonization of England; they cut down primeval forests and developed heavy clay soil of central England for cultivation
- 1owning land and 2participating in many occupations like trade and handicrafts
- ~1 - established continuity by: (A) each king ruled long time (average 30 plus years), and (B) each king had son crowned before dying - (smooth succession)
~2 - gained complete control of personal domains - became base from which to expand power
~3 - established efficient and loyal bureaucracy by: (A) collected taxes, (B) imposed royal law (to increase the power of the central government), and (C) "A and B" increased prestige - helped gain support of middle class towns
~4 - Capetians (especially Louis VI the Fat) allied with Catholic Church by: (A) used armies to protect monasteries and towns complaining of oppression by feudal lords, and (B) used feudal law to force lords to appear in court and stripped nobles of possessions
- schools, hospitals, and hospice for travelers and pilgrims
- a What restrictions did the Catholic Church impose on Jews during the Middle Ages?
- b Through what means did the early Capetian kings strengthen theirs and the power of the central government in France?
- c What "key" action was taken by William I to strengthen the allegiance of English nobles to the monarchy and central government?
- d What types of social services did monasteries and convents provide during the Middle Ages?
- e What was the greatest achievement of the Anglo-Saxons?
5 Multiple choice questions
- What type of behavior/activity was stressed in the Benedictine Rule?
- As he began his reign, what territories did Henry II of England control?
- Through what means/actions did Philip II strengthen the power of the central government during his reign?
- What concession to the Holy Roman Emperor(s) did the Catholic Church make as a result of the Concordat of Worms?
- What was the function of the earliest juries in the English judicial system?
5 True/False questions
1set minimum age for marriage, 2Church courts fined men who seriously injured wives (rule of thumb), and 3double standard-Church punished women for offenses more harshly than men → In what ways did the Church attempt to protect women during the Middle Ages?
when Philip sent troops to arrest Boniface and the pope escaped → What was the most obvious manifestation of the decrease in papal prestige resulting from the clash between Pope Boniface and Philip IV of France?
Henry claimed right to try clerics accused of crimes (e.g., murder) in civil court. Thomas fiercely opposed king on issue → Over what issue did Philip IV and Pope Boniface clash?
Philip tried to collect taxes from clergy without papal consent → Over what issue did Philip IV and Pope Boniface clash?
lay investiture (secular rulers claiming the right to appoint church officials) → What sacraments were the faithful permitted to receive during "Church lockout"?