5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- colonization of England; they cut down primeval forests and developed heavy clay soil of central England for cultivation
- ~1 - used paid officials who were loyal to him and were drawn from Church, middle class, poorer nobility
~2 - granted charters to new towns
~3 - organized a standing army
~4 - introduced national tax
- 1 - placed limits on power of king
2 - financial limits established on "scutage" (shield money) and inheritance for fiefs
3 - widows could not be compelled to remarry-remarriage did require lord's consent
4 - guarantees of basic rights to all English citizens (A) right of representative parliament to control taxation, (B) right of trial by a jury of peers (as several clauses were interpreted later in the 16th and 17th centuries)
- every vassal swore first allegiance to William over all other lords, making him the liege lord
- Henry claimed right to try clerics accused of crimes (e.g., murder) in civil court. Thomas fiercely opposed king on issue
- a What "key" action was taken by William I to strengthen the allegiance of English nobles to the monarchy and central government?
- b What principles were contained in the Magna Carta when it was first promulgated in 1215 AD?
- c What was the issue over which Henry II and Thomas Becket quarreled?
- d What was the greatest achievement of the Anglo-Saxons?
- e Through what means/actions did Philip II strengthen the power of the central government during his reign?
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- What concession to the Holy Roman Emperor(s) did the Catholic Church make as a result of the Concordat of Worms?
- What types of social services did monasteries and convents provide during the Middle Ages?
- What was the most obvious manifestation of the decrease in papal prestige resulting from the clash between Pope Boniface and Philip IV of France?
- What non-religious (non-dogmatic) reform was instituted by Pope Gregory VII?
- What was Henry II's greatest contribution to the growth of strong central government in England?
5 True/False Questions
Albigensian Heresy → What type of behavior/activity was stressed in the Benedictine Rule?
1owning land and 2participating in many occupations like trade and handicrafts → What restrictions did the Catholic Church impose on Jews during the Middle Ages?
1set minimum age for marriage, 2Church courts fined men who seriously injured wives (rule of thumb), and 3double standard-Church punished women for offenses more harshly than men → What was the most obvious manifestation of the decrease in papal prestige resulting from the clash between Pope Boniface and Philip IV of France?
called to give evidence on which they had personal knowledge, accuse suspected criminals, and testify to royal order and finances in area → What was the function of the earliest juries in the English judicial system?
Philip tried to collect taxes from clergy without papal consent → What was the most obvious manifestation of the decrease in papal prestige resulting from the clash between Pope Boniface and Philip IV of France?