5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- lay investiture (secular rulers claiming the right to appoint church officials)
- when Philip sent troops to arrest Boniface and the pope escaped
- development of Common Law
- every vassal swore first allegiance to William over all other lords, making him the liege lord
- Henry claimed right to try clerics accused of crimes (e.g., murder) in civil court. Thomas fiercely opposed king on issue
- a What was the most obvious manifestation of the decrease in papal prestige resulting from the clash between Pope Boniface and Philip IV of France?
- b What was Henry II's greatest contribution to the growth of strong central government in England?
- c What "key" action was taken by William I to strengthen the allegiance of English nobles to the monarchy and central government?
- d What was the "key" issue over which popes and Holy Roman Emperors clashed?
- e What was the issue over which Henry II and Thomas Becket quarreled?
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- What was the greatest achievement of the Anglo-Saxons?
- What was the function of the earliest juries in the English judicial system?
- What heresy was used by Philip II to justify his military action(s) in southern France?
- Over what issue did Philip IV and Pope Boniface clash?
- As he began his reign, what territories did Henry II of England control?
5 True/False Questions
~1 - established continuity by: (A) each king ruled long time (average 30 plus years), and (B) each king had son crowned before dying - (smooth succession)
~2 - gained complete control of personal domains - became base from which to expand power
~3 - established efficient and loyal bureaucracy by: (A) collected taxes, (B) imposed royal law (to increase the power of the central government), and (C) "A and B" increased prestige - helped gain support of middle class towns
~4 - Capetians (especially Louis VI the Fat) allied with Catholic Church by: (A) used armies to protect monasteries and towns complaining of oppression by feudal lords, and (B) used feudal law to force lords to appear in court and stripped nobles of possessions → Through what means did the early Capetian kings strengthen theirs and the power of the central government in France?
his domain (Ile-de-France) was very small, and he posed no threat/challenge to nobles → Why did French nobles elect Hugh Capet as the French king in 987 A.D.?
1 - placed limits on power of king
2 - financial limits established on "scutage" (shield money) and inheritance for fiefs
3 - widows could not be compelled to remarry-remarriage did require lord's consent
4 - guarantees of basic rights to all English citizens (A) right of representative parliament to control taxation, (B) right of trial by a jury of peers (as several clauses were interpreted later in the 16th and 17th centuries) → What principles were contained in the Magna Carta when it was first promulgated in 1215 AD?
manual labor → What type of behavior/activity was stressed in the Benedictine Rule?
~1 - used paid officials who were loyal to him and were drawn from Church, middle class, poorer nobility
~2 - granted charters to new towns
~3 - organized a standing army
~4 - introduced national tax → What was the most obvious manifestation of the decrease in papal prestige resulting from the clash between Pope Boniface and Philip IV of France?