5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- 1owning land and 2participating in many occupations like trade and handicrafts
- Henry claimed right to try clerics accused of crimes (e.g., murder) in civil court. Thomas fiercely opposed king on issue
- Albigensian Heresy
- 1 - placed limits on power of king
2 - financial limits established on "scutage" (shield money) and inheritance for fiefs
3 - widows could not be compelled to remarry-remarriage did require lord's consent
4 - guarantees of basic rights to all English citizens (A) right of representative parliament to control taxation, (B) right of trial by a jury of peers (as several clauses were interpreted later in the 16th and 17th centuries)
- Philip tried to collect taxes from clergy without papal consent
- a What heresy was used by Philip II to justify his military action(s) in southern France?
- b What was the issue over which Henry II and Thomas Becket quarreled?
- c Over what issue did Philip IV and Pope Boniface clash?
- d What restrictions did the Catholic Church impose on Jews during the Middle Ages?
- e What principles were contained in the Magna Carta when it was first promulgated in 1215 AD?
5 Multiple choice questions
- What was the greatest achievement of the Anglo-Saxons?
- What was the most obvious manifestation of the decrease in papal prestige resulting from the clash between Pope Boniface and Philip IV of France?
- In what ways did the Church attempt to protect women during the Middle Ages?
- What concession to the Holy Roman Emperor(s) did the Catholic Church make as a result of the Concordat of Worms?
- Through what means/actions did Philip II strengthen the power of the central government during his reign?
5 True/False questions
his domain (Ile-de-France) was very small, and he posed no threat/challenge to nobles → Why did French nobles elect Hugh Capet as the French king in 987 A.D.?
development of Common Law → What heresy was used by Philip II to justify his military action(s) in southern France?
~1 - established continuity by: (A) each king ruled long time (average 30 plus years), and (B) each king had son crowned before dying - (smooth succession)
~2 - gained complete control of personal domains - became base from which to expand power
~3 - established efficient and loyal bureaucracy by: (A) collected taxes, (B) imposed royal law (to increase the power of the central government), and (C) "A and B" increased prestige - helped gain support of middle class towns
~4 - Capetians (especially Louis VI the Fat) allied with Catholic Church by: (A) used armies to protect monasteries and towns complaining of oppression by feudal lords, and (B) used feudal law to force lords to appear in court and stripped nobles of possessions → Through what means did the early Capetian kings strengthen theirs and the power of the central government in France?
One of these, I think it's the one in bold:
1 - extended Cluniac reforms throughout entire institution of Church
2 - prohibited Simony - buying and selling of Church offices
3 - outlawed marriage for priests
4 - forbade lay investiture - prohibited appointment of Church officials by secular rulers → What non-religious (non-dogmatic) reform was instituted by Pope Gregory VII?
ruled England - Normandy - Anjou (northern France south of Normandy) → What concession to the Holy Roman Emperor(s) did the Catholic Church make as a result of the Concordat of Worms?