5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Albigensian Heresy
- 1 - placed limits on power of king
2 - financial limits established on "scutage" (shield money) and inheritance for fiefs
3 - widows could not be compelled to remarry-remarriage did require lord's consent
4 - guarantees of basic rights to all English citizens (A) right of representative parliament to control taxation, (B) right of trial by a jury of peers (as several clauses were interpreted later in the 16th and 17th centuries)
- every vassal swore first allegiance to William over all other lords, making him the liege lord
- 1set minimum age for marriage, 2Church courts fined men who seriously injured wives (rule of thumb), and 3double standard-Church punished women for offenses more harshly than men
- One of these, I think it's the one in bold:
1 - extended Cluniac reforms throughout entire institution of Church
2 - prohibited Simony - buying and selling of Church offices
3 - outlawed marriage for priests
4 - forbade lay investiture - prohibited appointment of Church officials by secular rulers
- a In what ways did the Church attempt to protect women during the Middle Ages?
- b What "key" action was taken by William I to strengthen the allegiance of English nobles to the monarchy and central government?
- c What heresy was used by Philip II to justify his military action(s) in southern France?
- d What non-religious (non-dogmatic) reform was instituted by Pope Gregory VII?
- e What principles were contained in the Magna Carta when it was first promulgated in 1215 AD?
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- As he began his reign, what territories did Henry II of England control?
- What was Henry II's greatest contribution to the growth of strong central government in England?
- What was the "key" issue over which popes and Holy Roman Emperors clashed?
- Through what means did the early Capetian kings strengthen theirs and the power of the central government in France?
- What was the greatest achievement of the Anglo-Saxons?
5 True/False Questions
~1 - used paid officials who were loyal to him and were drawn from Church, middle class, poorer nobility
~2 - granted charters to new towns
~3 - organized a standing army
~4 - introduced national tax → What was the most obvious manifestation of the decrease in papal prestige resulting from the clash between Pope Boniface and Philip IV of France?
schools, hospitals, and hospice for travelers and pilgrims → What types of social services did monasteries and convents provide during the Middle Ages?
pope relinquished demand to rule religious estates in Germany → What sacraments were the faithful permitted to receive during "Church lockout"?
Henry claimed right to try clerics accused of crimes (e.g., murder) in civil court. Thomas fiercely opposed king on issue → What was the issue over which Henry II and Thomas Becket quarreled?
Baptism and Anointing of the Sick → What sacraments were the faithful permitted to receive during "Church lockout"?