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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. lay investiture (secular rulers claiming the right to appoint church officials)
  2. when Philip sent troops to arrest Boniface and the pope escaped
  3. development of Common Law
  4. every vassal swore first allegiance to William over all other lords, making him the liege lord
  5. Henry claimed right to try clerics accused of crimes (e.g., murder) in civil court. Thomas fiercely opposed king on issue
  1. a What was the most obvious manifestation of the decrease in papal prestige resulting from the clash between Pope Boniface and Philip IV of France?
  2. b What was Henry II's greatest contribution to the growth of strong central government in England?
  3. c What "key" action was taken by William I to strengthen the allegiance of English nobles to the monarchy and central government?
  4. d What was the "key" issue over which popes and Holy Roman Emperors clashed?
  5. e What was the issue over which Henry II and Thomas Becket quarreled?

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. What was the greatest achievement of the Anglo-Saxons?
  2. What was the function of the earliest juries in the English judicial system?
  3. What heresy was used by Philip II to justify his military action(s) in southern France?
  4. Over what issue did Philip IV and Pope Boniface clash?
  5. As he began his reign, what territories did Henry II of England control?

5 True/False Questions

  1. ~1 - established continuity by: (A) each king ruled long time (average 30 plus years), and (B) each king had son crowned before dying - (smooth succession)
    ~2 - gained complete control of personal domains - became base from which to expand power
    ~3 - established efficient and loyal bureaucracy by: (A) collected taxes, (B) imposed royal law (to increase the power of the central government), and (C) "A and B" increased prestige - helped gain support of middle class towns
    ~4 - Capetians (especially Louis VI the Fat) allied with Catholic Church by: (A) used armies to protect monasteries and towns complaining of oppression by feudal lords, and (B) used feudal law to force lords to appear in court and stripped nobles of possessions
    Through what means did the early Capetian kings strengthen theirs and the power of the central government in France?


  2. his domain (Ile-de-France) was very small, and he posed no threat/challenge to noblesWhy did French nobles elect Hugh Capet as the French king in 987 A.D.?


  3. 1 - placed limits on power of king
    2 - financial limits established on "scutage" (shield money) and inheritance for fiefs
    3 - widows could not be compelled to remarry-remarriage did require lord's consent
    4 - guarantees of basic rights to all English citizens (A) right of representative parliament to control taxation, (B) right of trial by a jury of peers (as several clauses were interpreted later in the 16th and 17th centuries)
    What principles were contained in the Magna Carta when it was first promulgated in 1215 AD?


  4. manual laborWhat type of behavior/activity was stressed in the Benedictine Rule?


  5. ~1 - used paid officials who were loyal to him and were drawn from Church, middle class, poorer nobility
    ~2 - granted charters to new towns
    ~3 - organized a standing army
    ~4 - introduced national tax
    What was the most obvious manifestation of the decrease in papal prestige resulting from the clash between Pope Boniface and Philip IV of France?


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