5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Henry claimed right to try clerics accused of crimes (e.g., murder) in civil court. Thomas fiercely opposed king on issue
- manual labor
- development of Common Law
- ~1 - used paid officials who were loyal to him and were drawn from Church, middle class, poorer nobility
~2 - granted charters to new towns
~3 - organized a standing army
~4 - introduced national tax
- every vassal swore first allegiance to William over all other lords, making him the liege lord
- a What was the issue over which Henry II and Thomas Becket quarreled?
- b What was Henry II's greatest contribution to the growth of strong central government in England?
- c What type of behavior/activity was stressed in the Benedictine Rule?
- d Through what means/actions did Philip II strengthen the power of the central government during his reign?
- e What "key" action was taken by William I to strengthen the allegiance of English nobles to the monarchy and central government?
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- What types of social services did monasteries and convents provide during the Middle Ages?
- What were the goals of the Cluniac movement?
- What concession to the Holy Roman Emperor(s) did the Catholic Church make as a result of the Concordat of Worms?
- Over what issue did Philip IV and Pope Boniface clash?
- What was the function of the earliest juries in the English judicial system?
5 True/False Questions
One of these, I think it's the one in bold:
1 - extended Cluniac reforms throughout entire institution of Church
2 - prohibited Simony - buying and selling of Church offices
3 - outlawed marriage for priests
4 - forbade lay investiture - prohibited appointment of Church officials by secular rulers → What non-religious (non-dogmatic) reform was instituted by Pope Gregory VII?
colonization of England; they cut down primeval forests and developed heavy clay soil of central England for cultivation → What types of social services did monasteries and convents provide during the Middle Ages?
lay investiture (secular rulers claiming the right to appoint church officials) → What sacraments were the faithful permitted to receive during "Church lockout"?
~1 - established continuity by: (A) each king ruled long time (average 30 plus years), and (B) each king had son crowned before dying - (smooth succession)
~2 - gained complete control of personal domains - became base from which to expand power
~3 - established efficient and loyal bureaucracy by: (A) collected taxes, (B) imposed royal law (to increase the power of the central government), and (C) "A and B" increased prestige - helped gain support of middle class towns
~4 - Capetians (especially Louis VI the Fat) allied with Catholic Church by: (A) used armies to protect monasteries and towns complaining of oppression by feudal lords, and (B) used feudal law to force lords to appear in court and stripped nobles of possessions → What concession to the Holy Roman Emperor(s) did the Catholic Church make as a result of the Concordat of Worms?
his domain (Ile-de-France) was very small, and he posed no threat/challenge to nobles → Why did French nobles elect Hugh Capet as the French king in 987 A.D.?