5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- manual labor
- called to give evidence on which they had personal knowledge, accuse suspected criminals, and testify to royal order and finances in area
- colonization of England; they cut down primeval forests and developed heavy clay soil of central England for cultivation
- when Philip sent troops to arrest Boniface and the pope escaped
- every vassal swore first allegiance to William over all other lords, making him the liege lord
- a What was the greatest achievement of the Anglo-Saxons?
- b What was the function of the earliest juries in the English judicial system?
- c What type of behavior/activity was stressed in the Benedictine Rule?
- d What "key" action was taken by William I to strengthen the allegiance of English nobles to the monarchy and central government?
- e What was the most obvious manifestation of the decrease in papal prestige resulting from the clash between Pope Boniface and Philip IV of France?
5 Multiple choice questions
- What non-religious (non-dogmatic) reform was instituted by Pope Gregory VII?
- In what ways did the Church attempt to protect women during the Middle Ages?
- Through what means/actions did Philip II strengthen the power of the central government during his reign?
- What sacraments were the faithful permitted to receive during "Church lockout"?
- What restrictions did the Catholic Church impose on Jews during the Middle Ages?
5 True/False questions
development of Common Law → What type of behavior/activity was stressed in the Benedictine Rule?
pope relinquished demand to rule religious estates in Germany → What sacraments were the faithful permitted to receive during "Church lockout"?
Albigensian Heresy → What type of behavior/activity was stressed in the Benedictine Rule?
~1 - established continuity by: (A) each king ruled long time (average 30 plus years), and (B) each king had son crowned before dying - (smooth succession)
~2 - gained complete control of personal domains - became base from which to expand power
~3 - established efficient and loyal bureaucracy by: (A) collected taxes, (B) imposed royal law (to increase the power of the central government), and (C) "A and B" increased prestige - helped gain support of middle class towns
~4 - Capetians (especially Louis VI the Fat) allied with Catholic Church by: (A) used armies to protect monasteries and towns complaining of oppression by feudal lords, and (B) used feudal law to force lords to appear in court and stripped nobles of possessions → Through what means did the early Capetian kings strengthen theirs and the power of the central government in France?
lay investiture (secular rulers claiming the right to appoint church officials) → What sacraments were the faithful permitted to receive during "Church lockout"?