VMT Chapter 10: Skin

72 terms by afeldman94

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From An Illustrated Guide to Veterinary Medical Terminology (Romich)

bulbs of heel

upward thickening of the frog above the heels of the wall

horns

permanent structures of frontal skull bone that grow continuously after birth

nonpolled

having horns

papilloma

benign epithelial growth that is lobed

periople

flakey tissue band at the junction of coronary band and hoof wall; extends distally

petechiae

small, pinpoint hemorrhages

patch

localized skin color change greater than 1 cm in diameter

coronary band

region where hoof meets the skin

frog

V-shaped pad soft horn found in central region of ventral hoof surface of equine

quicking

trimming the nail or claw to the level of the dermis

onychomycosis

superficial fungal infection of the claw

urticaria

hives

polled

hornless

tactile

touch

debridement

removal of tissue and foreign material to aid healing

laceration

accidental cut into skin

cauterization

destruction of tissue using electric current, heat or chemicals

carbuncle

cluster of furuncles

abscess

localized collection of pus

pustule

small, circumscribed, pus-filled skin elevation

cellulitis

inflammation of connective tissue

granuloma

small area of healing tissue

diffuse

widespread

scale

flake

hypersensitization

increased response to an allergen

dermatophytes

superficial fungi found on the skin

fistula

abnormal passage from an internal organ to a body surface

bars

raised V-shaped structure on ventral surface of hoof

purulent

containing or producing pus

dermatitis

inflammation of the skin

footrot

bacterial hoof disease

burn

tissue injury caused by heat, flame, electricity, chemicals or radiation

wall

epidermal tissue of the equine hoof that includes the toe, quarters, and heels

intradermal skin testing

injection of test substances into the skin layer to observe a reaction

atopy

hypersensitivity reaction in animals involving pruritus with secondary dermatitis

sebaceous cyst

closed sac of yellow, fatty material

vesicle

contained skin elevation filled with fluid (more than 0.5 cm in diameter)

infestations

occupation and dwelling of a parasite on the external surface of tissue

lance

to open or pierce with a lancet (scalpel blade) to allow drainage

ungulate

hooved animal

lipoma

benign growth of fat cells

melanoma

tumor or growth of pigmented skin cells

biopsy

removal of living tissue for examination of life

myiasis

infestation by fly larvae

acute moist dermatitis

bacterial skin disease that is worsened by licking and scratching

exfoliative

falling off

ecchymosis

purplish nonelevated patch of bleeding into the skin; a bruise

sole

softer hoof tissue located on the ventral surface of the hoof

pyoderma

skin disease containing pus

contusion

injury that does not break the skin

hyposensitization

decreased response to an allergen

antler

non-permanent structure of the skull that is shed and regrows annually

exanthema

cutaneous rash caused by fever or disease

furuncle

localized skin infection in a gland or hair follicle

erythema

skin redness

localized

within a well-defined area

purpura

condition characterized by hemorrhage into the skin that causes bruising

dermatomycosis

abnormal skin condition caused by superficial fungus

circumscribed

contained in a limited area

skin tags

small growths that hang from the body by stalks

lesion

pathologic change of tissue

ulcer

erosion of skin or mucous membrane

abrasion

injury in which superficial layers of skin are scraped

alopecia

hair loss resulting in hairless patches or complete lack of hair

carcinoma

malignant neoplasm of epithelial tissue

pallor

skin paleness

verrucae

warts

comedo

blackhead

laser

light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation

keratosis

abnormal condition of epidermal overgrowth and thickening

seborrhea

skin condition characterized by overproduction of sebum (oil)

gangrene

necrosis associated with loss of circulation

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