Japanese admiral who planned the attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941.
United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan on Dec. 7, 1941, bringing the United States into World War II.
Battle of Midway
U.S. Naval victory over the Japanese fleet in June 1942. It marked a turning point in World War II.
Admiral Chester Nimitz
Was the commander of the Pacific Fleet and was the man who directed the U.S. victories at Midway, Iwo Jima, and Okinawa. Decoded Japanese naval codes.
Japanese invasion of Philippines
In January 1942, Japanese forces marched into the capital of the Philippines, Manila. American and Filipino forces took up a defensive position on the Bataan Peninsula on the northwestern edge of Manila Bay. The Japanese took the Bataan Peninsula in April.
Battle of Guadalcanal
Battle in the Pacific. It represented the first Allied counterattack against Japanese forces. Allied victory forced Japanese forces to abandon the island.
United States General who served as Chief of Staff and commanded Allied forces in the South Pacific during World War II.
Strategy of conquering only certain Pacific islands that were important to the Allied advance toward Japan.
North African Campaign
Allied plan to take certain places in North Africa to get closer to the axis powers.
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Leader of the Allied forces in Europe. Was elected President of the United States.
United States physicist who directed the project at Los Alamos that developed the first atomic bomb.
Battle of Stalingrad
Unsuccessful German attack on the city of Stalingrad during World War II. Was the furthest extent of German advance into the Soviet Union.
Significant for the Allies because it weakened Hitler by forcing him to fight on another front.
British general who, in an attack at El Alamein, was able to drive the Germans away from the Suez Canal.
Japanese Internment camps
The forcible relocation of approximately 110,000 Japanese Americans to housing facilities called "War Relocation Camps", following Imperial Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor.
D-Day, Operation Overlord
June 6, 1944, began the Allied invasion of Europe which was strongly held by German forces. Occurred along 5 beaches of Northern France in Normandy.
Battle of the Bulge
World War II battle in December 1944 between Germany and Allied troops, that was the last German offensive in the West.
Iwo Jima, Okinawa, Leyte
Japanese fought from caves and underground tunnels. Americans bombed Japan for 74 days straight. February 19,1945, Americans invade Iwo Jima.
Battle of Okinawa was the final battle for Japan. US gets closer to Japan.
After destroying Japan's Navy, the Allies force Japan to retreat from Leyte Gulf.
Codename for the secret United States project set up in 1942 to develop atomic bombs for use in World War II.
President of the United States during the Depression and WWII. He instituted the New Deal. Served from 1933 to 1945, he was the only president in U.S. history to be elected to four terms
Became president when FDR died; gave the order to drop the atomic bomb.
Battle of El Alamein
1942 British victory in WWII that stopped the Axis forces from advancing into Northern Africa.
WWII Death Toll
60 million dead.
Series of trials in 1945 conducted by an International Military Tribunal in which former Nazi leaders were charged with crimes against peace, crimes against humanity, and war crimes.
Demilitarization of Japan
General MacArthur ordered Japanese armed forces to disband after the war. Hanged 7 war criminals including Primer Tojo. Left only a small police force.
A process of transition as a country attempts to move from an authoritarian form of government to a democratic one.
Emperor of Japan during WWII. His people viewed him as a god.
One of the 7 Japanese generals tried for war crimes and executed. Held responsible for the bombing of Pearl Harbor.