4 primary industrial regions
1. Western and Central Europe
2. Eastern North America
3. Russia and Ukraine
4. Eastern Asia
______ (region) is developing large industries where ______(country) is being challenged
In N. America, where is shift going (regions)
west and south - eastern core is dominant but shift
The major industrial regions in Europe are a result of what?
What country in Europe was 1st to industrialize?
Britain - gave it a comparative advantage
What country is Europe's leading industrial power
Germany - major producer of coal and steel
what is BosNYWas
Boston, NY, Washington DC - A long, heavily populated chain of cities on the East Coast of the United States.
Where is the heart of BosNYWash?
New York - like Paris and London - does not have a lot fo mineral resources, but large marked
What are 3 manufactuing districts in Germany
1. Ruhr (Westphalian coalfield)
3. Silesia (now part of Poland)
What was mainland Europe's biggest city
Paris - not near coal or iron, but major market for manufacturers
Where did industrialization occur most in Europe
along coal deposit running through Europe
What is break-of-bulk location?
place where the transfer of transported cargo from one kind of carrier to another, NYC does a lot of it. (ship to train or truck) - transport network
What helped North America industrialize?
- ability to get raw materials from overseas
- has large coal reserves
- has lots of capital, specialization and diversification
US makes up __% of world's oil consumption and __% of world's natural gas consumption?
27% of world's oil consumption and 37% world's natural gas consumption
Where does US get oil?
mostly from foreign resources; produces 18%
US oil reserves make up what % of world's?
US oil reserves make up only 4% of the world's
What percentage of industrial regions depend on foreign sources for engery?
Are countries w/large fossil fuel reserves major industrial powers?
No. exception is Russia
Oil reserves are infinite or finite?
Burning fossil fuels is bad for what
Why will oil producing countries be affected by a shift wo alternative energy sources?
b/c most of their money comes from oil
What new source of wealth has Kuwait looked to
potable (drinkable) water through desalinizaiton
After WWI what country was world's preeminent industrial power?
Why did US do better than Europe after WWI and WWII with industrialization?
Didn't have destruction from war
American Manufacturing Belt
industrial heart of US, North America's near-rectangular Core Region, whose corners are Boston, Milwaukee, St. Louis, and Baltimore. Dominated the industrial geography of the US and Canada during the industrial age; still a formidable economic powerhouse that remains the realm's geographic heart.
a manufacturing region in Ontario around Lake Ontario; Mostly Canadian; US and Candian industrial districts meet in two horseshoes
curls around Lake Erie, largely American; US and Candian industrial districts meet in two horseshoes
Industrial districts in US
Pittsburgh-Cleveland, Detroit-Southeast Michigan, Chicago-Gary-Milwaukee, Minneapolis, St. Louis, Cincinnati
What resource did US industrial districts use
Appalachian coal and Mesabi iron
California districts output
based on agriculture
Europe industrialization - Saxony, Germany
involved in light industry
Silesia was known for what?
high quality coal resources
USSR nation that helped industrialization
1995; A trade agreement between Canada, the United States and Mexico that encourages free trade between these North American countries.
favoritism shown to friends and associates (as by appointing them to positions without regard for their qualifications)
South Korea (largest), Taiwan (moving towards high tech), Singapore (Center for information and technology), Hong Kong(Break of Bulk Point): Because of their booming economies.
Two major trends in past 40 years
1) deindustrialization and growing service sector in traditional industrial area
2) industrialization in new places
Japan's largest and most dominant industrial district
special economic zones
specific area within a country in which tax incentives and less stringent environmental regulations are implemented to attract foreign business and investment
What is the more powerful of the two districts in Canada
cheap hydroelectric power
What is a advantage of the Montreal district in Canada
Birmingham to Richmond
Where does the southeastern district extend to?
What two things is southeastern district, in America, famous for?
Tulsa to Oklahoma City
Where does the southwestern district extend to?
meat packing; flour milling
What things are the southwestern region most known for
Vancouver to Portland
Where does the Northwest district extend from?
What is the northwest distric in America known for
southeastern; southwestern; northwest; northern California; southern California
What are the other 5 districts in North America
What was a company in the former Soviet Union that had huge automobile factories
When did the Volga River expierience major industrialization
during WW2 whar did Russia do to their factories to avoid them coming in contact with war?
assigned specific functions
after WW2 what happened to the cities along the Volga River
What did the Urals region in Russia contain a lot of
What are industrial regions related to?
industries designed to stimulate growth through the establishment of supporting industries
What are two examples of cities that don't make a big deal about resources
What does Britain have now that is was the first to industrialize
What has Kuwait supposed we do to water to make a profit out of it
What country has the 2nd largest economy in the world?
What was the movement in Japan called that spurred economic growth?
What are the 4 districts in Japan
Kanto Plain; Kansai; Kitakyushu; Toyama
What was put into place in China that allowed the economy to encourage foreign investment
Special Economic Zones
Wha district is China's industrial heartland?
What is Shenyang also referred to as?
What is the largest industrial power among the "four tigers"?
What is the focus city in Taiwan?
What is China's gateway to the world?