which island produces its energy from geothermal and hydroelectric sources
what island is part of a developing nation
which island has high levels of UV radiation due to human activities
which island sits on top of a geologic hot spot far from any plate boundaries
which island has the highest population density
El Niño/La Niña-Southern Oscillation, differences in Pacific Ocean surface temperatures when compared with the average value
what is used to decrease dependence on large inputs of broad-spectrum pesticides
The international treaty that restricts trade in products manufactured from endangered species
Results in a process by which the U.S. government will intervene in the event of massive environmental contamination
Results in fishery deterioration off the coast of South America
Changes in inverse proportion to water temperature
Sediment pollution will result in an immediate change in this measurement
Higher for waters that flow through regions rich in calcium
Decreases in areas with highly active decomposers
The type of radiation with the most energy
The type of radiation that is trapped in the troposphere by greenhouse gases
The type of radiation with the least energy
The type of radiation that formed the ozone layer
It can be grown in crop rotation to restore soil nitrogen
Its use as biodiesel fuel has resulted in the destruction of large areas of tropical rainforest
Sweeteners made from this crop have been widely blamed for obesity in the developed world
Genetically modified strains have been created that reduce occurrences of childhood blindness
Traditionally a food crop, it is now also considered as a source of fuel
The largest watershed in North America drains into the sea in this state
Overfishing off the coast of this state has devastated cod fisheries
Human activities along its coastline are responsible for increasing the damage by one of the most destructive hurricanes in history
The photochemical smog in its largest city is intensified by frequent inversion layers due to the mountains that surround it on three sides
Which of the following will likely lead to individuals underestimating the amount of risk associated with an activity
A large degree of control during the activity
Legislation has most effectively reduced which of the following air pollutants?
Which of the following does NOT emit greenhouse gases?
The photosynthesis of oceanic phytoplankton
Which of the following invasive species was not intentionally introduced?
A fig tree that provides shelter and fruit that is essential to the survival of numerous other species is an example of
an animal or plant species whose habitat is restricted to a particular area or space on the globe
why are plants bioengineered to kill their own seeds
to force farmers to buy new seeds every year
what is NOT an ecosystem service provided by forests?
what is 3ppm equivalent too
what of managing e-waste has the fewest negative environmental and social consequences?
E-waste collection by manufacturers required to take back their products for recycling
In general, far less than 100% of the energy from one trophic level is converted to energy at the next trophic level. This is best explained by
second law of thermodynamics
The major reason that many of the world's desalination plants are located in the Middle East is
the availability of the large amounts of fossil fuels required for desalination
Which of the following is the smallest reservoir of the global hydrologic cycle?
Most photosynthesis in the open sea occurs in the
close to the shore
well-lit open surface waters
the ocean bottom
the deepest region of the ocean
a deep water zone that is below the limits of effective light penetration
The U.S. law that requires developers to study the environmental impact of projects funded by the federal government is
A forest ecosystem in which forest fires have been suppressed for many decades may benefit from which of the following?
Setting small contained surface fires
It is likely that in the next 10 to 30 years there will be an increase in cancer in northern Europe due to the events that occurred in
While flying high above the ground far from any large cities, a migrating bird sees a series of large circular green patches on the ground. If the bird lands it will likely find itself in
agricultural land that is using center-pivot irrigation
Acid rain with a pH of 4.6 is more acidic than normal rainfall by a factor of
In addition to chlorine, which of the following elements is also linked to stratospheric ozone depletion?
The Ogallala Aquifer supplies water to much of
the High Plains area of the United States
what is the limiting agent for algae growth in seawater
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, prevented the unsafe disposal of hazardous wastes on land
A neighborhood in Niagara Falls, New York, which became the subject of national and international attention, controversy, and eventual environmental notoriety following the discovery of 21,000 tons of toxic waste buried beneath the neighborhood.
partially carbonized vegetable matter saturated with water
Sick building syndrome (SBS)
Situation in which building occupants experience acute health and comfort effects that appear to be linked to time spent in a building but no specific illness or cause can be identified
a condition induced by drugs and other substances, including prilocaine, benzocaine, and articaine, which can result in a life-threatening depletion of oxygen in the tissues
what would most effectively slow the loss of arable land
reducing urban development
what causes sick building syndrome
indoor air pollution
what is a commonly cultivated aquaculture crop
what is the world largest storage reservoir of freshwater
what regulates the flow of nitrogen into and out of its largest reservoir
to act in such a way as to cause an offense to seem less serious
if the emissions that contribute to acid rain were completely eliminated, how long would it take for acid rain to stop falling
what allows polluters to buy and sell the right to pollute
cap and trade programs
what does the seasonal turnover of lakes in temperate climates do
oxygen to the bottom and nutrients to the surface of the lake
top surface litter
species diversity can be quantified by using which the the following sets of data about an ecosystem
the number of species and the number of individuals of each species
how much time is required for 1 millicurie sample of I-131 to decay to an activity of 1 micro-curie
about 3 months
nitrogen fixation will take place in fields that are planted with
negative feedback loop
Causes a system to change in the opposite direction from which it is moving
tragedy of commons
the tendency for a common resource to be overused
the increase or decrease in costs as a result of one more or one less unit of output
positive feedback loop
Causes a system to change further in the same direction.
name 2 units of energy
what is the correct sequence of the transformations is the nitrogen cycle
fixation, nitrification, assimilation, ammonification
what is a pollutant that is NOT associated with the use of modern sanitary landfills
what uv ray is the ozone layer vital to protect life from
what is the earliest stage of the succession of a lake
why does the Antarctic ozone hole largely disappear a few months after its first appearance each year
the sun breaks up the air over Antarctica breaking up the polar clouds
Not in my backyard! The theory that people want development, but not near their home.
during the refining of crude oil what will boil away first
what is a method for sequestering carbon dioxide
transport CO2 generated on land to offshore oil rigs where is can be pumped into the deep ocean
if oil sands become a cost affective resource its extraction may lead to significant environmental damage in what country
why is DDT hazardous to animals
it is substituted into the shells of eggs which creates frail shells
fishing licenses are a legislative attempt to avoid which of the following
a tragedy of commons
which of the following is NOT an infectious disease that is transmitted through water
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