Child Psychology Test Bank #2

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Child Psychology Test Bank #2

Preoperational intelligence differs from sensorimotor intelligence in that preoperational intelligence:

goes beyond senses and motor skills.

Piaget called cognitive development between the ages of 2 and 6 _______ intelligence.

preoperational.

Piaget believed that between the ages of 2 and 6, it is difficult for children to think:

logically.

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of preoperational thought?

logic

Generally speaking, which of the following best explains why young children have difficulty thinking logically.

Children in this age group tend to focus on single aspects of an object or situation.

An angry 5-year-old might stop herself from hitting another child because she has developed:

emotional regulation.

Erikson's stage that occurs between 3 and 6 is called:

initiative versus guilt.

Jarred, age 5, describes himself as a good soccer player with black hair who laughs a lot. His description demonstrates his developing:

self-concept.

William is at the toy store and sees a construction set. William asks his dad if he can have it for his birthday. His dad asks him if he thinks he would be able to use it. William reminds his dad of how good he is at building models for Legos. Which of the following is demonstrated by his example?

William's strong sense of self-esteem.

According to Erikson's which of the following is typical of young children?

an immodest self-concept.

When you look at the rate of growth for children from ages 7 to 11, you see that:

children grow more slowly than they did in early childhood.

Gabriella, an average 10 year old, can probably throw a ball _______ she could when she was 6.

twice as far as.

Compared with 30 percent in 1978, the percentage of 5 to 10 year old children with elevated blood lead levels dropped by 2001 to approximately.:

1 percent.

Hugo has an elevated level of lead in his blood. How could that affect his biosocial development?

He could develop hyperactivity.

Children should start brushing their teeth by age _______ and seeing a dentist by age ________.

2 ; 3

According to Piaget, which of the following abilities do children gain during middle childhood?

Logic.

According to Piaget, a child between the ages of 5-7 can apply logical principles to:

concrete and visible examples.

In the school years, Piaget believed that children are in the period of:

concrete operational thought.

When capable of concrete operational thought, children:

can apply their reasoning to real situation.

With concrete operational though, children can:

think logically about tangible things.

Children's "increasing ability to regulate themselves, to take responsibility, and to exercise self-control" all contribute to their sense of:

industry.

Barbara is int he third grade. She spends many hours rehearsing her math skills, reading books, and collecting bugs.Even though activities may seem boring, they are all part of Barbara's developing a healthy sense of:

industry.

Typical of the industry vs. inferiority stage is:

Rudy is having difficulty in learning math.

Which of the following is Erikson's fourth stage of psychosocial crises?

industry vs inferiority

Why is it so important that children learn a sense of industry or competence?

It provides a crucial defense against emotional problems.

The period when children's bodies become adult-like is called:

puberty.

The term menarche refers to:

a girl's first menstrual period.

For boys, the event that most closely parallels menarche is the"

spermache.

For both girls and boys, puberty typically beings as young as _____ years or as late as _______ years.

8 ; 14

For boys the usual sequence of physical changes in puberty is:

a growth of the testes; initial public-hair growth, growth of the penis; spermarche.

Of the following parts of the brain, which is the last to fully mature in adolescence?

prefrontal cortex.

Which of the following statements is true regarding the use of medical scans to explain adolescent behavior?

While we have the ability to see physical changes in the brain, we do not yet know to what extent these changes explain behavior.

Adolescents are capable of ______ thinking even though they don't necessarily demonstrate it in their actions.

Rational.

Ricky knows that he is not allowed to drive the family car after dark. He has even been punished in the past for doing so. Ricky's parents are out of town for the weekend, and Ricky picks up some friends in the family car and takes them to a movie. Which of the following best explains Ricky's behavior?

Even though Ricky is capable of rational thought, he doesn't always use it.

Which of the following brain structures is responsible for quick emotional reactions?

Amygdala

According to Erikson, adolescents are in the stage of:

identity vs. role confusion.

According to Erikson, the goal of adolescence is to:

form a coherent identity.

Psychosocial development during adolescence is often seen as a quest to answer the question:

"Who am I?"

Identity refers to:

a consistent definition of the self as a unique individual.

The ultimate psychosocial goal, according to Erikson, is identity:

achievement.

A person between the ages of 18 and 25 is entering a new development stage called:

emerging adulthood.

Emerging adulthood has always been the optimal time for hard physical work, athletic achievement\, and:

childbearing.

Martha was a 21 year old girl living in the U.S. in the early 1800s. Suzanne is a 21 year old girl living in the U.S. in 2008. What is a primary developmental difference between these two young women?

Suzanne is not under pressure to bear as many children as possible, as Martha was.

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