← 125-200 things every ap us history student should know Export Options Alphabetize Word-Def Delimiter Tab Comma Custom Def-Word Delimiter New Line Semicolon Custom Data Copy and paste the text below. It is read-only. Select All 125. Open Door policy, 1899 McKinleys Secretary of State asked Russia, Japan, Great Britain, France and German to accept the concept that all nations would have equal trading privileges in China. 126. Filipino rebellion, 1899-1901 - Spanish American War. Spanish are beaten here first then in Cuba. 127. William McKinley assassinated, 1901 inside the Temple of Music located on the grounds of the 1901 Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York.William McKinley,was shot twice by Leon Czolgosz, an anarchist. 128. Theodore Roosevelt mediated a coal miner's strike, 1902 became involved and set up a fact-finding commission that suspended the strike. The strike never resumed, as the miners received more pay for fewer hours; the owners got a higher price for coal, and did not recognize the trade union as a bargaining agent. 129. Wright Brothers flew the first airplane, 1903 n 1903 the brothers built the powered Wright Flyer I, using their preferred material for construction, spruce, a strong and lightweight wood, and Pride of the West muslin for surface coverings. the first controlled, powered and sustained heavier-than-air human flight, on December 17 130. Northern Securities Company broken up, 1904 One of the first anti-trust suits filed. Teddy Roosevelt finally made use of the Sherman Anti-trust act against a company rather than a labor union. 131. Roosevelt Corollary, 1904 Added to the Monroe Doctrine; saying the US would protect business interest in Latin America. Led to poor U.S. - L.A. relations. 132. Hay-Banua-Varilla Treaty, 1904 Granted the US long-term control of the Panama canal zone 133. Upton Sinclair published The Jungle, 1906 muckraking book which described the horrifying detasils fo the Chicago stockyards and meatpacking industry 134. Model T introduced, 1908 Ford motor developed the first mass-produced affordable car 135. NAACP organized, 1909 Covil rights organizations that worked to end segregation and improve economic advancement 136. Election of 1912 was a four-way contest, William Howard Taft, Woodraw Wilson, Theodore Roosevelt, Eugene Debs Wilson was elected 137. 16th Amendment, 1913 Progressive Amendment and Populist idea allowed the government to levy taxes 138. 17th Amendment, 1913 allowed for the direct election of Senators. 139. Federal Reserve System created, 1913 is the central banking system of the United States. It was created in 1913 with the enactment of the Federal Reserve Act, largely in response to a series of financial panics, particularly a severe panic in 1907 140. Clayton Anti-Trust Act, 1914 Strengthened Sherman Anti-Trust Act to break up monopolies (trusts). Exempted unions from being broken up. 141. Birth of a Nation, 1915 is a 1915 American silent film co-written co-produced, and directed by D. W. Griffith and based on the novel and play The Clansman, 142. Pancho Villa's raid, 1916 Raids along US-Mexican border. President Wilson sent the army to search for him, but he wasn't captured. 143. United States entered World War I, 1917 Isolationist foreign policy was encouraged by Congress's apprehensions about giving other countries a political door into US policies and the cultural melting pot of the United States' population 144. The Fourteen Points, 1918 presented to Congress concerning peace when the war ended. 145. 18th Amendment, 1919 was the result of decades of effort by temperance (prohibition) movements and at the time was generally considered a progressive amendment. reand 146. Versailles Treaty defeated, 1919 one of the peace treaties at the end of World War I. It ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers. 147. Palmer Raids, 1920 fears of socialism fueled by Communist takeover of Russia. Attorney General Palmer ordered arrests of arrestsof anarchists and Socialists. 148. 19th Amendment, 1920 Guranteed womens right to bote in all elections at the local, state, and national level. 149. National Origins Act, 1924 Aimed at limiting the immigration of southern and eastern Europeans 150. Teapot Dome scandal, 1923-24 Controversy/scandal during Harding's presidency concerning government accepting bribes for granting oil prices. 151. Scopes trial, 1925 Court case which challenged the constitutionality of laws which made it illegal to teach the theory of evolution. 152. KKK marched on Washington, 1925 Klan membership had peaked in 1925. After that, the American Unity League tried to diminish its power by publishing the names of klansmen. 153. Charles Lindbergh's flight, 1927 emerged from virtual obscurity to almost instantaneous world fame as the result of his Orteig Prize-winning solo non-stop flight on May, New York to Paris 154. Sacco and Vanzetti executed, 1927 famous case involving two Italian immigrants who had been convicted of murder and robbery. 155. The Jazz Singer, 1927 First feature-length film with running (synchronized) dialogue. End of the silent-film era. 156. Stock Market crash, 1929 s a sudden dramatic decline of stock prices across a significant cross-section of a stock market, resulting in a significant loss of paper wealth. Crashes are driven by panic as much as by underlying economic factors. 157. Hawley-Smoot Tariff, 1930 a tariff with rates the highest in history on foreign imports in order to protect their markets from foreign business. 158. Stimson Doctrine, 1932 Weak response to Japan's aggression in China before WWII 159. Bonus march, 1932 a thousand unemployed WWI veterans marched on Washington to demand immediate payment of the bonuses promised to them at a later date. 160. First New Deal, 1933 s a series of economic programs implemented in the United States between 1933 and 1936. They were passed by the U.S. Congress during the first term of Franklin Delano Roosevelt as President of the United States,\. The programs were responses to the Great Depression, and focused on what historians call the "3 Rs": relief, recovery, and reform. 161. Good Neighbor Policy, 1933 the foreign policy of the administration of United States President Franklin Roosevelt toward the countries of Latin America. Its main principle was that of non-intervention and non-interference in the domestic affairs of Latin America. 162. Schecter v. the United States, 1935 was a decision by the Supreme Court of the United States that invalidated regulations of the poultry industry according to the nondelegation doctrine and as an invalid use of Congress' power under the commerce clause. 163. Dust Bowl, 1935 poor farming practices, drought, and high winds blew away millions of tons fo dried topsoil ruining the crops of the Great Plains. 164. Second New Deal, 1935 the term used by commentators at the time and historians ever since to characterize the second stage of the New Deal programs of President Franklin D. Roosevelt. In his address to Congress in January 1935, Roosevelt called for three major goals: improved use of national resources, security against old age, unemployment and illness, and slum clearance, as well as a national welfare program (the WPA) to replace state relief efforts 165. Wagner Act, 1935 Law that replaced the labor provisions of the National Recovery Administration that was declared unconstitutional. 166. Social Security Act, 1935 federal insurance program based upon the automatic collection of taxes from employees and employers throughout peoples working careers. 167. Huey Long assassinated, 1935 Senator from Louisiana who gained attentiion by promising minimum income of 5,000- was killed 168. Congress of Industrial Organizations created, 1935 proposed by John L. Lewis in 1932, was a federation of unions that organized workers in industrial unions in the United States and Canada from 1935 to 1955. 169. FDR's court-packing plan, 1937 FDR tried to add a new Supreme Court Justice for every justice over the age of 70. He wanted to do this because the SC was ruling against many of his New Deal programs. The court-packing plan failed. 170. Roosevelt recession, 1937-38 was a temporary reversal of the pre-war 1933 to 1941 economic recovery from the Great Depression in the United States 171. Lend-Lease Act, 1940 Arms and ships for cash or credit to Great Britain. Seemed to break neutrality stance. 172. Atlantic Charter, 1941 as a pivotal policy statement first issued in August 1941 that early in World War II defined the Allied goals for the post-war world. It was drafted by the United Kingdom and the United States, and later agreed to by all the Allies 173. Pearl Harbor, 1941 Japanese surprise attack on the naval fleet anchored at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on December 7, 1941 174. Japanese-American internment, 1942 as the relocation and internment by the United States government in 1942 of approximately 110,000 Japanese Americans and Japanese who lived along the Pacific coast of the United States 175. Normandy invasion, 1944 was the invasion and establishment of Allied forces in Normandy, France, during Operation Overlord in World War II. The invasion was the largest amphibious operation in history. 176. G.I. Bill, 1944 Bill which assisted in transitioning the 15 million returning veterans to a peacetime economy. 177. Yalta Conference, 1945 the site at which the Big Three (Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin) agreed on what to do after victory in Europe. 178. Potsdam Conference, 1945 articipants were the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The three nations were represented by Communist Party General Secretary Joseph Stalin, Prime Ministers Winston Churchill 179. Hiroshima and Nagasaki, 1945 he United States conducted two atomic bombings against the cities These two events are the only active deployments of nuclear weapons in war to date. 180. "Iron Curtain" speech, 1946 a metaphor used throughout the Cold War to refer to the Soviet satellite states of Eastern Europe 181. Truman Doctrine, 1947 the policy taken by the United States for decades to combat the growth of Communism in other countries. made the US support Greece agaisnt communism 182. Marshall Plan, 1947 The U.S. gave 12 million dollars European countries to help after the wars casualties. France accepted and the Soviet Union refused 183. Taft-Hartley Act, 1947 a republican sponsered law to check the growing power of unions. 184. Brooklyn Dodgers sign Jackie Robinson, 1947 was the first black Major League Baseball (MLB) player of the modern era. 185. National Security Act, 1947 was signed by United States President Harry S. Truman on July 26, 1947, and realigned and reorganized the U.S. Armed Forces, foreign policy, and Intelligence Community apparatus in the aftermath of World War II 186. Berlin Airlift, 1948 British and American planes that sent supplies to the people of West Berlin after being cut off by the Soviet Union 187. Election of 1948 as the greatest election upset in American history. Virtually every prediction (with or without public opinion polls) indicated that incumbent President Harry S. Truman would be defeated by Republican Thomas E. Dewey. Truman won, overcoming a three-way split in his own party 188. NATO formed, 1949 An organization formed to unite the U.S. with Allies. The Soviet Union responded with the Warsaw Pact. 189. Joseph McCarthy attacked the State Department, 1950 The Second Red Scare included the Senator accusing many government officials of Communist ties, especially those in the State department. 190. Korean War, 1950-53 was a military conflict between South Korea, supported by the United Nations, and North Korea, supported by the People's Republic of China (PRC), with military material aid from the Soviet Union. The war was a result of the physical division of Korea by an agreement of the victorious Allies at the conclusion of the Pacific War at the end of World War II. 191. Julius and Ethel Rosenberg executed, 1953 were American communists who were executed in 1953 for conspiracy to commit espionage during a time of war. The charges related to passing information about the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union. This was the first execution of civilians for espionage in United States history 192. Brown v. the Board of Education, 1954 The desegregation of all public schools. Thurgood Marsahll was the lawyer, which would become the first African-American Supreme Court Justice, the decision was ruled by Chief Justice Earl Warren. Overturning the case of Plessy v. Fergurson. 193. Geneva Accords, 1954 split Vietnam at the 17th parallel following the French-Indochina War between Ho Chi Minh's Vietminh and the French 194. Joseph McCarthy condemned for misconduct, 1954 McCarthy's bullying tactics and lack of evidence caused the public to turn against him, especially after his army hearings were televised. 195. Montgomery bus boycott, 1955-56 Boycott against how Rosa Parks was arrested for not getting of her seat. Started the civil rights movement. 196. Interstate Highway Act, 1956 A highway had to be constructed to travel between states. when Dwight D. Eisenhower signed the bill into law. With an original authorization of 25 billion dollars for the construction of the Interstate Highway System supposedly over a 20-year period, it was the largest public works project in American history through that time 197. Integration of Little Rock High School, 1957 Nine students who would get to be part of of a desegregated high school. 198. Sputnik, 1957 A Russian satellite, which was the first to be launched succesfully into space. Started the Space Race. 199. U-2 aircraft shot down by U.S.S.R., 1960 during the Cold War on May 1, 1960, during the presidency of Dwight D. Eisenhower and during the leadership of Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev, when a United States U-2 spy plane was shot down over Soviet Union airspace. 200. Greensboro sit-ins, 1960 Civil Rights tactic of sitting in segregated restaurants until being served or removed. Kicks off in Greensboro, NC at Woolworth's lunch counter.