Constitution Test Study Guide/Review

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History

Checks and Balances

Allows each branch of government to watch over each other

Separation of Powers

Keeps any one branch of government from becoming too powerful

Anti-Federalists

This group was opposed to the Constitution

Impeachment

When an official is brought to trial for misconduct in office

Federalist

They argued in favor of the Constitution

Electoral College

The people who vote for the President and the Vice-President

Supreme court

The highest court in the land is the ...

Federalism

The sharing of powers between central government and its subdivisions

Founding Fathers

The delegates of the Constitution were the...

Compromise

Achieving a balance is a...

John Boehner

The current speaker of the House of Representatives is...

Joseph Biden

The current Vice-President of the United States is....

Daniel Inouye

The current President pro-tempore of the U.S. Senate is...

Due Process

The right to fair treatment under the law is called...

27

The number of amendments to the Constitution is...

Cabinet

The President's formal group of advisers is called his...

435

The number of members in the House of Representatives is...

Hillary Clinton

The current Secretary of State is...

100

The number of members in the United States Senate is...

Virginia Plan

The plan that favored the larger states and also called for a bicameral legislature was the...

Veto

The Executive Branch uses the power of this to check on the Legislative Branch

Civil Rights

The Bill of Rights helps protect people's...

The Three Fifths Compromise

A way to be able to count slaves for the purpose of representation was...

Federal Government

The ... maintains the military and can declare war

State Government

The ... establishes schools

Federal and State Government

The ... both can regulate banks, borrow money, and establish courts

Executive

Enforces the laws

Legislative

Makes the laws

Judicial

Interprets the laws

The Two Houses of Congress

House of Representatives and the Senate

The Three Requirements for Becoming the President

1. Must be a natural born citizen
2. Must be 35 years old
3. Must have been a resident of the United States for at least 14 years

First Amendment

The amendment prohibits the making of any law respecting an establishment of religion, impeding the free exercise of religion, abridging the freedom of speech, infringing on the freedom of the press, interfering with the right to peaceably assemble or prohibiting the petitioning for a governmental redress of grievances.

Fifth Amendment

Protects against abuse of government authority in a legal procedure.

Due Process

Legal requirement that the state must respect all of the legal rights that are owed to a person.

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