Name the Reptile Kingdom
Name the Reptile Phylum
Name the Reptile Class
150 Million Years Ago
How long ago do reptiles date back?
Name the reptile that has become extinct since the "Age of Reptiles"?
What word do we use to classify how reptiles control their body temperature?
1. Rough Dry Skin 2. Well Developed Lungs 3. Amniotic Eggs 4. Kidneys concertrate urine to conserve water
Name the 4 characteristics that allow reptiles to live on land?
The stuff that a reptiles scales are a lot like is?
Rough & Dry Cells
Reptiles scales are made of these?
Name the special covering that a reptiles scales form?
The reptiles special waterproof covering prevents the reptile from doing this?
Reptile Skin is too thick
Why can't a reptile breathe through its skin?
Well Developed Lungs
How do we describe a reptiles lungs?
1. Shell 2. Albumen 3. Amniotic Sac 4. Yolk 5. Allantois
Name the 5 parts of a reptile egg?
Remember - SAAAY
Name the part of the egg that protects the egg.
1. Protects from Damage 2. Keeps it from drying out 3. Allow Oxygen to pass through the shell and Carbon Dioxide to be removed
Name 3 function of the egg shell
Name the part of the egg that provides food, water and protein to the embryo.
Name the part of the egg that surrounds and protects the embryo.
Name the fluid inside the amniotic sac.
Name the part of the egg that provides the embryo a rich supply of food.
Name the part of the egg that stores the embryo's waste.
1. Stores Waste 2. Passes Oxygen to the embryo from the pores in the shell
Name the 2 function of the allantois
Reptile Egg Shells can be compared to this
What kind of shell do few reptiles have?
Inside the egg shell there are several layers of these?
Reptile Fertilization is Internal or External?
Inside the Female's body
Where does the egg fertillization take place?
Name the part of the egg contains the egg cell.
1. Cushions the Embryo 2. Provides Food & Water 3. Prevent Bacterial Infection
Name the Albumen's 3 Jobs
1. Lay Eggs 2. Keep Eggs Inside her Body
Name the 2 ways a mom reptile can reproduce
This means to lay eggs?
This means to hatch egges inside the body.
1. Bury 2. Incubate 3. Guard until Hatched
Name 3 things a mom will do with eggs layed outside of her body. BIG
Viviparous Reptiles give birth to eggs or live young?
What do young reptiles look like when they are born?
Young Adult Reptiles do not experience this?
Reptiles have a HARD Shell
How are reptile and amphibian eggs different?
Prevents Drying Out
Why is the reptile shell so important?
Inside the Body
Where are reptile eggs fertilized?
Outside the Body
Where are amphibian eggs fertilized?
No, it would dry out
Can an amphibian eggs survive is laid on land?
Yes, it has a HARD Shell to protect it from drying out
Can a reptile egg survive is laid on land?
1. Swallow Prey Live 2. Squeeze Prey to Death 3. Poison Prey
Name 3 ways a snake can catch and consume their prey .
Snakes that Squeeze their prey are known as this?
Insects, Frogs, Lizards, Fish, and other Small Animals
Snakes that swallow their prey usually eat what kinds of things?
Snakes that Squeeze their prey usually eat what kind of food?
Snakes that poison their prey are known as what kind of snakes?
Snakes that POISON their prey usually eat what kind of food?
Venomous Snakes used these to inject poison into their prey.
Glands in the Upper Jaw
Where does a Venomous Snake store venom?
Powerful Protein Digesting Enzymes that cause massive tissue damage at the injection site.
What is venom?
1. Causes Cell Destruction 2. Blocks the transmission of nerve impulses
3. Prey will hemorage, go into shock and die
What does venom do to prey?
1. Northern Copperhead 2. Timber Rattlesnake 3. Eastern Massasuge Rattlesnake
Name 3 Pennsylvania Venomous Snakes
Scales on a Venomous Snake are in a single or double row?
Does a Venomouse or Non-Venomous Snake have a rattle?
No External Ears
Does a snake have external ears?
Snake have what kind of eyesight?
Snakes best sense is this?
Snakes use this to help it smell?
Roof of the mouth
Where is the air particles picked up by the snakes tongue analyzed?
Name for the snakes special organ that senses scent?
Snakes move by using it muscular body to do this?
Scales on it belly grip the surface and move it forward
How does the snake move forward?
Name the scales on the snake's body.
Paddle Shaped Tails
Sea Snakes use these to move in the water?
1.Squamata-Lizards & Snakes 2.Testudinata-Turtles&Tourtoise
3.Crocodilia-Alligators & Crocs
Name 3 Orders of Reptiles
1. Slender Body 2. Movable Eyelids 3. Long Tails 4. 4 legs 5. Clawed Toes
Name 5 parts of a Lizard Body
Lizards have _____ eyelids?
Insects & Other Terrestrial (Land) invertebrates
Lizards Eat these?
Waits & Pounces with its Jaws
How does a lizard usually capture prey?
Chameleons capture their prey this way.
Gila Monsters of the American Southwest capture prey this way.
Change Color & Loose their Tails when Caught
Name 2 adaptions that help some lizards avoid becomming someone's dinner.
Which lizard is famous for changing its color?
World's Largest Lizard
10 feet Long & Over 200 lbs
How big is a Komodo Dragon Lizard?
Most numerous of all reptiles.
Over 2000 Kinds
How many snakes are there?
A Snake's Body is convered with these.
A Snake's belly is covered with these?
Shedding their Skin
Snakes grow by doing this?
Term for Snakes Shedding Their Skin
Section of Rattle
Every Time a Rattlesnake molts, it also get another one of these?
All Snakes eat these?
Weeks & Months
How often does a snake eat?
Snake Eyes are covered with these.
Turtle & Tourtoise Phylum
Turtle & Tourtoise Order
Reptile whose body is enclosed in a shell and lives in water
Reptile whose body is enclosed in a shell and lives on land
Plates of Bone Covered by Sheilds made of a substance like scales
A Turtle's Shell is made of these.
Vertebrate & Ribs
Name the 2 body parts that give the shell shape & support
Turtles's Upper Shell is known as this?
Turtles's Lower Shell is known as this?
200 Times its Own Weight
How much weight can a turtle shell hold?
Leatherback Sea Turtle
Which Turtle does not really have a shell?
Leatherback Sea Turtle
Name the Largest Living Turtle
Box Turtles have been known to live how long?
Turtles do not have these
Instead of Teeth, Turtles have a _____.
Plants & Animals
What do Most turtles eat?
Ecoli & Salmanella
Name the 2 bacterias that live in a Turtle's intestine.
Alligator Snapping Turtle
This Turtle lives on the bottom of rivers & ponds trying to look like a rock.
What is a turtle's best sense?
Turtles can only hear______.
What sense causes the turtle to always find it's home?
Name the Turtle that lays its eggs on the beaches.
Wave Motion & Magnetic Fields
How does a turtle maintain direction in the ocean?