technological progress, with emphasis on materiality of this progress
the cultural values that underlay this technological and economic advance; science, positivism, free enterprise, progress, humanism, individualism
new cultural dominant to emerge in the wake of WWII; a product of late capitalism, consumer economy, and the rise of information technology
cultural movement existing in a reinforcing/antagonist relationship with the base of modernization and the values of modernity
broad cultural revolution (1890-1930), radical questioning of the past, its cultural values and assumptions
Western modernism included sub-movement such as ...
symbolism, Dadaism, futurism, imagism, cubism, impressionism, expressionism, etc. (which apply to particular arts or sometimes across the arts)
Intellectual progenitors from Western modernism included ...
Marx, Darwin, Freud and Nietzsche
social-historical factors that contributed to Western modernism were ...
WWI and the breakdown of shared community, human progress, "civilization," capitalism and industrial acceleration
technological factors that contributed to Western modernism
trains, telegraph-telephone, photography-cinema, etc.
characteristics of modernism
aesthetic self-consciousness; non-representational, nonconventional; bleakness, darkness, anxiety, alienation; the breakdown of humanist bourgeois view of the subject; primitivism
reception of modernism in China
avant-garde or modernist forms did not capture their imagination in the way that realism and romanticism did
two groups of writers during modernism
1. Xindai group, or the New Sensationalist of New-Perceptionist
2. symbolist poetry movement
Was Shanghai a place that embraced or rejected modernism?
embraced; considered an urban space for Chinese modernism