Each tribe was ruled by one of these which was chosen from one of the leading families by a council of elders.
the holy book of the religion of Islam
the word means "peace through submission to the will of Allah."
The journey of Muhammad and his followers to Madinah is known as this
all Muslims are encouraged to make a pilgrimage to Makkah known as this
Muslim scholars developed a law code known as this
the amount paid by a wrongdoer to the family of the person he or she had injured or killed.
Based on the idea of divine intervention. All of these involved a physical trial of some sort, such as holding a red-hot iron.
A group of parishes was headed by a bishop, whose area of authority was known as this, or diocese.
bishops of Rome came to be known as this. It came from the Latin word papa, "father"
a man who separates himself from ordinary human society in order to pursue a life of total dedication to God.
the practice of living the life of a monk is known as this
people sent out to carry a religious message
women who withdraw from the world to dedicate themselves to God.
nuns lived in convents headed by these
a new political and social system that includes a powerful lord who could offer protection in return for service.
a man who served a lord in a military capacity was known as this
Europe was dominated by heavily armored cavalry, also known as this
the grant of land made to a vassal
Feudalism came to be characterized by a set of unwritten rules that determined the relationship between a lord and his vassal known as this
contests where knights could show their fighting skills
Under the influence of the Catholic Church, there gradually evolved among the nobility an ideal of civilized behavior
law that was common to the whole kingdom
a document of rights also known as the Great Charter
Phillip IV brought a French parliament into being by meeting with representatives of the three classes, also known as thi
the emperor appointed the head of the Eastern Orthodox Church. He exercised control over church as well as state.
a series of military expeditions that European Christians carried out to regain the Holy Land from the Muslims.