ch.12 the americas:pre-columbian empires to colonies

18 terms by grenas

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vocabulary

pre-columbian empires

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maya

a family of American Indian languages spoken by Mayan peoples

inca

a member of the small group of Quechuan people living in the Cuzco valley in Peru who established hegemony over their neighbors to create the great Inca empire that lasted from about 1100 until the Spanish conquest in the early 1530s

aztec

a member of the Nahuatl people who established an empire in Mexico that was overthrown by Cortes in 1519

prince henry

Portuguese prince who started a school for sailors and sponsored early voyages of exploration

christopher columbus

Italian navigator who discovered the New World in the service of Spain while looking for a route to China (1451-1506)

columbian exchange

The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas and the rest of the world following Columbus's voyages.

vasco de gama

A Portugese sailor who was the first European to sail around southern Africa to the Indian Ocean

ferdinand magellan

Portuguese navigator in the service of Spain

hernando cortes

Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs and conquered Mexico (1485-1547)

conquistadores

Spanish 'conqueror' or soldier in the New World. They were searching for the 3-G's: gold, God, and glory.

montezuma

evergreen tree with large leathery leaves and large pink to orange flowers

francisco pizarro

Spanish explorer who conquered the Incas in what is now Peru and founded the city of Lima (1475-1541)

encomienda system

priviledge given by Spain to Spanish settlers in the Americas which allowed to control the lands and people of a certain territory

new france

Name of French colony in Canada

new netherland

a Dutch colony in North America along the Hudson and lower Delaware rivers although the colony centered in New Amsterdam

atlantic slave trade

Lasted from 16th century until the 19th century. Trade of African peoples from Western Africa to the Americas. One part of a three-part economical system known as the MIddle Passage of the Triangular Trade.

"middle passage"

the route in between the western ports of Africa to the Caribbean and southern U.S. that carried the slave trade

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