new stone age when agriculture developed
a structure consisting of two large vertical stones (posts) supporting a third stone set horizontally across the top (lintel).
basic single post and lintel form
A single upright stone.
Old Stone Age when people made tools from stones and were hunters and gatherers
An arrangement of huge stones in a circle; also called a henge.
prehistoric structure or tomb of unhewn stones
Rectangular structure with sloped sides and a flat top.
an Egyptian pharaoh around 2630 B.C. he had the Step Pyramid built for him by Imhotep. This was one of the first pyramids built
elevated stage area in the Greek Theatre from which we get the contemporary term "Proscenium"
Smaller mastabas stacked on larger ones
Name of the architect who designed the Step Pyramid for King Djoser
4-sided polished pyramid
Egyptian pharaoh who built the Great Pyramid; Khufu is his Egyptian name and Cheops is his Greek name
Hollowed out square room in the side of a cliff/mountain
The wide entrance gateway of an Egyptian temple, characterized by its sloping walls
2 battered, sloped towers that are freestanding
Greek city meaning 'between the rivers' located between the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers...modern day Iraq
Sumerian land in southern Mesopotamia; earliest known civilization
Platform for a temple made of clay brick, similar to the Step Pyramid except with a temple on top. The ruler is the only one able to be in the temple
A structure—most frequently a large hall—featuring a roof supported by row after row of columns.
a body embalmed and dried and wrapped for burial (as in ancient Egypt)
Greek for the city of Persians; Capital of Persia, conquered by Alexander the Great
Inner chamber of a classical temple
2 columns between the 2 walls in the cella
columns on front only
A classical temple plan in which the columns are placed across both the front and back but not the sides
Columns go all the way around (on all sides)
The Doric order was one of the three orders. In their original Greek version, Doric columns stood directly on the flat pavement (the stylobate) of a temple without a base; their vertical shafts were fluted with parallel concave grooves; and they were topped by a smooth capital that flared from the column to meet a square abacus at the intersection with the horizontal beam ("entablature") that they carried.
Second of the three orders. The column is slender and finely fluted; its capital is in the shape of a scroll.
Third of the three orders characterized by a slender fluted column and an ornate capital decorated with acanthus leaves.
Top part of the column-more decorated in the Ionic and Corinthian orders
a triangular gable between a horizontal entablature and a sloping roof
The part of a building above the columns and below the roof. The entablature of a classical temple has three parts: architrave or epistyle, frieze, and pediment.
The part of an entablature between the architrave and cornice; any scupltured or painted band in a building
The top section of an entablature; horizontal molded section that crowns or completes a building or wall
Vertical channeling, roughly semicircular in cross-section, and used principally on columns and pilasters
In the Doric Order, the round, cushion-like element between the top of the shaft and the abacus. The top slopes down to the bottom.
the body of a column
A square slab of stone at the top the capital, just under the achitrave and above the echinus.
Spiral, scroll-like form characteristic of the Ionic order
At the bottom of the columns; this is a continuous flat pavement on which a row of columns is supported.
The bottom 2 blocks/steps
The lowest part of an entablature, the lowest section of the entablature (horizontal member), immediately above the capital of a column
A triple projecting, grooved member of a Doric frieze that alternates with metopes
The carved or painted rectangular panel between the triglyphs of a Doric frieze
In classical architecture, the slight swelling or bulge in the center of a column, which corrects the illusion of concave tapering produced by parallel or straight lines
Ictinus & Callicrates
Architects of the Parthenon in Athens
Athenian leader noted for advancing democracy in Athens and for ordering the construction of the Parthenon.
At the center of the city of Athens, the most famous example of a citadel
Elgin Marbles/Lord Elgin
Marble statues of Athena, part of construction of Parthenon. Lord Elgin bought a permit from Ottoman Empire and shipped piece of the Acropolis back to England.
A sculpture of a draped female figure acting as a column supporting an entablature
Largest gathering place in a Greek city
The area of a theater or concert hall where the audience sits
Seating on the main floor in a theater
Greek for 'city'
An ambigious flower and a style of plant used for the caps of the corinthian columns
In ancient greek architecture, an open building with a roof supported by a row of columns parallel to the back wall
The marketplace in ancient Greece
bronze age greece
Characteristic of the ancient Greek and Roman cultures before Alexander the Great
Relating to the culture that blended Greek with Egyptian, Persian, and Indian influences after Alexander the Great's conquests.
Alexander the Great
Created a huge empire in Greece and spread Greek culture throughout the world. (Hellenistic Era)
Round building with a cone roof surrounded by columns used for meetings
During the bronze age, the name given to the great civilization of Crete; the word comes from the name of King Minos, a character of Greek legend who was remembered as having ruled in Crete before the Trojan War.
Minoan capital city
The greatest city-state in Southern Greece - tradition held to be the city of King Agamemnon, the leader of the Greek invasion of Troy
Founder of Rome; twin of Remus; raised by she-wolf; killed Remus
Beginning in the 700s BC,first rulers of Roman Republic and Empire; Laid the foundation for Rome and Roman civilization
Courthouse; a civic building for legal and other civic proceedings, rectangular in plan with an entrance on the long side.
Apartment blocks made of concrete in Rome where the poor lived
A vault created by the intersection of two barrel vaults of equal size which creates four side compartments of identical size and shape
the simplest form of vault consisting of an unbroken series of arches; it forms a tunnel like shape
A structure that carries water over long ; Romans used lead pipes; provided water to the 900 public baths in Rome
Regular Latin word for "eye." Technically used to describe the empty round hole at the top of the dome of the Pantheon
square recess in wall, a sunken square or polygonal decoration panel in a veiling of within an arch
The cold-bath section of a Roman bathing establishment
The warm-bath section of a Roman bathing establishment
The hot-bath section of a Roman bathing establishment
In Roman architecture, a freestanding arch commemorating an important event, such as a military victory or the opening of a new road.
an arch formed in a continuous curve
area between an arch's curve and the framing columns and entablature
A wedge-shaped piece of stone used in arch construction.
the wedge-shaped piece at the very top of an arch, the middle top piece
Semi-circular area beyond the altar
The most destructive volcano in Greece that buried Pompeii and Herculaneum
court of a Roman house near the entrance and open to the sky
Public place of assembly
Roman military fortress
The north-south street in a Roman town, intersecting the decumanus at right angles
The arena where gladiators performed in Ancient Rome
The Roman government, Senatus Populusque Romanus (The Senate and the People of Rome), senate & citizens are equal
A period of peace in Rome started under Augustus' rule and lasted about 200 years
Wiltshire, England 2550 BC
Brittany, France 1500 BC
UR, Iraq 2125 BC
Pyramid of Cheops
Giza, Egypt 2570 BC
Mycenae, Greece 1250 BC
Temple of Olympian Zeus
Athens, Greece 147 BC
Athens, Greece 447-438 BC
Temple of Athena Nike
Athens, Greece 420 BC
Monument of Lysicrates
Athens, Greece 334 BC
Priene, Turkey 3rd Century BC
Theater of Marcellus
Rome, Italy 11 BC
Arch of Titus
Rome, Italy 90 AD
Pompeii Italy 70 AD
Rome, Italy 80 AD
Town of Timgad
Timgad, Algeria 100 AD
Rome, Italy 135 AD
Rome, Italy 118-128 AD
Rome, Italy 118-128 AD
Rome, Italy 106-113 AD
Pont Du Gard/Aquaduct
Nimes, France 1st Century AD
Arch of Constantine
Rome, Italy 315 AD
King Zoser's Pyramid
Saqqara, Egypt 2650 BC
Nimes, France 20 BC
Hypostyle Hall Temple of Amon
Karnak, Egypt 1290 BC
Porch of the Maidens
Athens, Greece 421-405 BC