arithmetic population density
the population of a country or region expressed as an average per unit area. The figure is derived by dividing the population of the areal unit by the number of square kilometers or miles that make up the unit
the study of patterns and rates of population change, including birth and death rates, migration trends, and evolving population distribution patterns.
a subdivisional human geography that focuses on the spatial aspects of demography and the influences of demographic change on particular places.
graphic representation (profile) of a population showing the percentages of the total population by age or sex, normally in five year groups.
demographic transition cycle
high birth rates and death rates are followed by plunging death rates, producing a huge net population gain; this is followed by the convergence of birth rates and death rates at a low overall level.
a figure that describes the number of babies that die within the first year of their lives in a given population
population growth measured as the excess of live births over deaths per one thousand individuals per year. does not reflect emigrant or immigrant movements.
the rapid growth of the world's human population during hte past century, included short doubling times and accelerated rates of increase.
total fertility rate (TFR)
the average number of children born to a woman during her lifetime, as expressed for a total population
Eugenic Protection Act
policy enacted by the Japanese government that legalized abortion for social, medical, and economicc reasons
expansive population policy
government policy that encourages large families and raises the rate of population growth