rain containing acids that form in the atmosphere when industrial gas emissions (especially sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides) combine with water
Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC)
Federal funds, administered by the states, for children living with persons or relatives who fall below state standards of need; abolished in 1996
The total amount of air pollution that can come from a given factory. A company is free to decide which specific sources within that factory must be reduced and how to meet the bubble standard.
Clean Air Act of 1970
Required EPA to develop and enforce regulations to protect the public from airborne contaminants; forced states to follow and make sure the laws for followed in relation to the EPA. States allowed to decide officials for enforcement.
Clean Air Act of 1990
Policy added to the Clean Air Act of 1970 to reduce air pollution. This was provided to help reduce the safety hazards of unclean and unchecked air in a population.
Endangered Species Act
identifies threatened and endangered species in the US, and puts their protection ahead of economic considerations
A claim for government funds that cannot be abridged without violating the rights of the claimant; for example, social security benefits or payments on a contract.
environmental impact statements
must be filed by federal agencies for any project using federal funds to asses the potential effect of the new construction or development on the enviroment
Environmental Protection Agency
an independent federal agency established to coordinate programs aimed at reducing pollution and protecting the environment
the largest in-kind benefits program, administered by the Department of Agriculture, providing coupons to individuals and families who satisfy a means test. Food Stamps can be exchanged for food at most grocery stores
an increase in the average temperature of the earth's atmosphere (especially a sustained increase that causes climatic changes)
an inquiry into the financial position of someone applying for financial aid
a federal and state assistance program that pays for health care services for people who cannot afford them
a federal program of health insurance for persons 65 years of age and older
Medicare Act of 1965
created system of subsidized medical care for retirees, both for doctor visits and hospitalization, though not for prescription drugs (added undercreated Medicaid, which provides medical care for the very poor.
An incentive devised by the EPA to replace some rules. If a company wants to open a new plant in an area with polluted air, it can do so if the pollution it generates is offset by a reduction in pollution from another source in that area.
a reduction in pollution below that required by law that can be used to cover a future plant expansion or sold to another company whose pollution emissions are above the legal requirements
An act passed in 1935 gave government-payed pensions to American citizens over the age 65 as well as provided help for the unemployed, the disabled, and the needy.
Social Security Act of 1935
the greatest victory for New Dealers; created pension and insurance for the old-aged, the blind, the physically handicapped, delinquent children, and other dependents by taxing employees and employers
Temporary Assistance Needy Families (TANF)
Once called "Aid to Families With Dependent Children"the new name for public assistance to needy families