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beneficence

Ot staff will in all aspectsof their work have the client's well being as the primary goal.

nonmaleficence

Ot practiconer will do no harm

autonomy.privacy,confidentiality

OT staff will protect the privacy of the clients, and allow clients choices among services where such exsist.

duties

Ot providers will keep up to date on training and credentialing,and maintain ongoing awareness of developments in the field.

justice

Ot providers must operate within the bounds of the law, in accordance with this code of ethics, and in compliance with rules and regulations of facilities in which they practice.

veracity

OTs have to mpresent themselves, their credentials, and the service they can provide truthfully.

fidelity

relationships between OT staff and other colleagues, calling for them to treat other professionals with whom they work fairly and professionally.

jean ayres

sensory integration, the process of recieving and respondingto sensory stimuli, and is a neurobiological model.

allens cognitive levels

for assessing cognitive status and progress of client. This system comprises of six levels of cognitive ability or impairment, where the higher number denotes a higher level offunctional ability.

epidermis

outer layer of the skin

dermis

the layer below the epidermis

adhd attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

a child exhibits several symptoms of inattention and several of hyperactivity, and hyperactivity symptoms need to have been present before age 7. disruptive disorder

reflex sympathetic dystrophy RSD or complex regional pain syndrome CRPS

chronic pain condition that usually follows a nerve or other tissue injury, and typically affects one of the limbs oe extremities

dyslexia

learning disability in which people have difficulty with written language reading and spelling

left sided stroke

difficulty with speech and language, memory deficits, and physical problems on the right side of the body.

right sided stroke

problems with learning or with impulse control. also can cause partial blindness in which have the visual field is lost in both eyes and causes paraylsis or muscle tone problems on the left side of the body.

pervasive developmental delay

when there is no specific syndrome identifiedto account for deley in child's development in several relevant areas. causing academic problems and other learning deficits

autism

may have many of the same symptoms of pervasive developmental delay, but children with autism generally manifest considerable sensory dysfunction as well.

aspergers syndrome

similar to autism, but is often charecterized by the ability in some areas, accompined by deficits in others.

retinopathy of prematurity

ocular disorder in premature infants, can range from near-sidedness to blindness.

oppositional defiant disorder

psychiatric diagnosis of children that is charecterized by negetive, hostile, and disobedient behavior towards authority figures. disruptive disorder. anger easily, do not do well socially, poor frustration tolerance. often progresses to conduct disorder and later anti-social personality.

dysthmic disorder

chronic low-grade depression

anotomic aphasia

inability to understand nouns, or use them in ones own speech

auditory aphasia

inability or loss of ability to comprehend speech

aphasia

inability to understand words

apraxia

inability to perforn coordinated movements

hemianopsia/hemianopia

loss of half the visual field, mat occur in one or both eyes

motor aphasia/ broca's aphasia

impaired ability to perform the physical motions necessary for speech

prosopagnosia

visual agnosia specific to the recognition of familiar faces

sensory aphasia/ wernicke's

can speak fluently but cannot attach meaning to the words

visual agnosia

in the absence of visual impairment, an inability to identify objects by sight

neurodevelopmental approach

approach of looking at the whole individual, not the separate pieces. sensory stimulation and restoration of good body posture are used to increase or decrease muscle tone as needed.

client-centered approach

client should be the one that determines goals and meaningful ocupations in his/her life

moho - kielhofner/reilly

developed by a combination of psychological and psychosocial therories. is a holistic approach seeing the physical and emotional aspects of the person as one system.

occupational adaption

prompts the individual to adapt and adaption in turn promotes occupational accomplishment

task oriented groups

any activity that provides a service or result in an end product

directive group model

dedsigned for low functioning clients in inpatient settings

parallel process group

work on their own individual tasks withoit interacting with each other

project group

members engage in short-term interactions and display some sort of cooperation

egocentric-cooperative group

members work together on a shared task that is for an external purpose, rather than to meet personal needs of group members

cooperative groups

members are working together to satisfy emotional or other personal needs of all the group members, as in a support group

mature group

there is equality among participants and they each contribute to facilitating group goals

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