Geography unite 1 test

Created by mark5595 Plus

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3 categories of geography

-Physical Geography
-Human Geography
-Geographic techniqoics

How many oceans

5-because of southern ocean
-indian oceaan
-atlantic ocean
-souther ocean
-pasfic ocean
-artic ocean

Largest ocean

The Pacific Ocean

Smallest ocean

The Arctic Ocean

Geography

The study of the earth and the people and places within it

Largest country (land)

Russia

Largest State

alaska

Most populated country

China

Most populated state

california

Number of people on earth

7billizion

Number of people in USA

312 million

4 geographic points of a map

-Prime meridian
-Tropic of cancer
-Tropic of paporcorn
-Equator

Tropic of cancer

a line of latitude about 23.5 degrees North of the equator Defines the tropical zones

tropic of capricorn

a line of latitude about 23.5 degrees South of the equator

another name for lines of Longitude

meridian

Define culture

the way of life of given people at a given time

5 themes of geography

-What is the location of a place?(where)
-What is the character of a place? (Culture)
-How do people interact with the natural environment? (climate)
-How do people, goods, and ideas move between places (communication)?
- How is one place similar to and different from other places?

Kalahari Bushmen

The indigenous people of southern Africa, whose territory spans most areas of South Africa, Botswana,

Nacerima

-americans, lives in north american

Horace Miner

anthropologist who examined the Nacirema culture (American culture author in the 1950's of the passage on the "daily mouth ritual"

Anthropology

the social science that studies the origins and social relationships of human beings

Cultural Sensitivity

learning about other cultures and being respectful of their customs, rites, and beliefs (NOT JUDGING POEPLE)

Difference between weather and climate

Weather is what you get day to day Climate is what you suspect(measure of a long period of time)

Climate of north america

Temperate, not tropical

3 climate zones

1. Polar Zones- cold areas where the sun's rays strike Earth at a very low angle.
2. Temperate Zones- between the polar zones and the trophics
3. Trophic Zone- near the equator

Global coordinates of portsmouth, nh

43 N 71 W

Sub. Cat. for Physical Geography

Geoglogy-study of rocks
Meteorology- The study of weather
Biology- The study of life
Pedology- The study of distance

Sub, Cat. for Human Geography

History- study of the past
Politics- Study of gov't and leaders
Economics- Study of Money
Sociology- study of society
Demography-Study of large groups

Sub. Cat. for Geographic Techniques

Cartography- map marker
Engineering
Computer Science, gps

GPS

global positioning system

Strait

a narrow channel of the sea joining two larger bodies of water

Plain

a large area of flat or gently rolling land

Valley

a long depression in the surface of the land that usually contains a river

Canyon

deep and narrow valley with steep walls and usaly has a river

Peninsula

land surrounded by water on three sides

Delta

A landform made of sediment that is deposited where a river flows into an ocean or lake

Isthmus

a relatively narrow strip of land (with water on both sides) connecting two larger land areas

Lake

a body of (usually fresh) water surrounded by land

Archipelago

a group of many islands in a large body of water

longest River

The Nile

Largest desert

Sahara desert

China population

1.3 billion

Portsmouth natural vegetation

Mixed forest

Portsmouth climate region

Humid Subtropical

Similarities between us and the Kalahari Bush man

- live togeather
-family
-like to have fun

Diffusion (matching

the spread of social institutions (and myths and skills) from one society to another

Acculturation (matching

the adoption of the behavior patterns of the surrounding culture

Culture hearth (matching)

A place in which important ideas begin and there after spread to surrounding caulturs

Immigrants

people who come to a new country to live

Emigrants

people who leave a country to live somewhere else

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