Who made mechanical uses of electricity possible (using electricity in factories)?
What invention is Thomas Edison best known for?
The light bulb, but he invented many, many things
Who was the "captain" of the oil industry?
John D. Rockefeller
Who was the "captain" of the steel industry?
Who was the "captain" of the railroad and shipping business?
What does "low cost production" mean?
Factories became more efficient and could make more products more cheaply
What created national markets?
Transportation advances, mostly railroads that went all over the country
True or false? Advertising developed in the late 1800s and early 1900s and helped business grow.
What does "mechanization" mean?
Using machines to do work instead of people doing the job.
How did mechanization change life on the farm?
Reduced farm labor needs and increased production. (More food could be grown with fewer people working on the farm.)
Did the number of workers needed in cities increase or decrease?
What are consumer goods?
Products that make life easier or more fun for people.
What increased access to consumer goods?
Industrialization and mail order
What were some negative effects of industrialization?
Long hours, low pay
Unsafe working conditions
What is a union?
A group of workers who act together to get managers to listen to them.
What was the American Federation of Labor?
A large union led by Samuel Gompers
What Pennsylvania strike turned violent and deadly, with no gains for the workers?
The Homestead strike
What were some reforms of the Progressive movement?
Improved safety conditions in factories
Reduced work hours
Put restrictions on child labor
What was the "temperance movement"?
Groups opposed to the making and consuming of alcohol
What two leaders worked hard for women's suffrage?
Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony