The events of a story or the series of actions that take place in the story are referred to as plot. The plot is the storyline or organization of incidents in a story. Plot is traditionally divided into seven parts
The reader meets the characters and discovers the setting. The interest of the reader is aroused here.
Something happens to begin the action. A single event usually signals the beginning of the main conflict. The inciting incident is sometimes called 'the complication' (initial conflict, starting problem).
This builds up the story, it is the longest part of the story and is a series of steps that lead to the climax.
Here, the reader finds out what happens to the conflict, or how the conflict is resolved. It may not yet be finished, but the reader now has a good understanding of what way it is going to go now. This is the moment of greatest tension in the story.
The plot begins to wrap up in this section of the story, which is usually brief.
The character solves the main problem/conflict or someone solves it for him or her.
This part follows quickly after the climax and provides the last pieces of information for the reader. Denouement is French for "unknotting"; you may therefore think of the denouement as the unknotting or untangling of the plot. Another word for denouement is conclusion.
There are four types of denouement or conclusions and they have a variety of names: 1. expository happy (all loose ends are tied up and explained and the ending is happy) 2. Expository sad (all loosed ends are tied up and explained but the ending is sad) 3. Surprise or twist (something happens that the reader does not expect at all) and 4. Unresolved / indeterminate / cliffhanger (the reader is left with questions and has to, in part, supply the ending him or herself. Some loose ends are left to dangle)
A struggle that occurs between opposing forces or characters. Conflicts are either A) External - when a character struggles against an outside force or B) Internal - when a character struggles against him/herself.
The main character in the story, is usually, but not always, a "good guy"
The force against the protagonist. Is usually another character, but not always, especially if the conflict is "person against self." The antagonist is usually described as the "bad guy", although this description does not work if the conflict is person against self or person against the environment.
Characters are realistic and complex who have several sides to their personality. They are lifelike and behave like real people.
Characters are usually minor characters who have one or two sides to their personality. They do not seem very real or realistic because not much is revealed about them.
Characters that are easily recognized as "types". They do not change from story to story because the have "familiar" personality traits. Examples of these characters include the witch-like old woman, dumb blonde, mad scientist etc.
Characters that undergo an important change because of what happened in the story. Their personality becomes different. For example, the cruel old man might see the errors of his ways and become generous.
Characters are opposite of dynamic characters. These characters do not change during the course of the story. They have the same personality throughout the story.
A device showing events that happened from an earlier time
This device gives a hint of what is to happen later in the story
A device by which the author expresses a meaning opposite to the stated one. A result that is the opposite of what is expected.
The act or process of telling a story.
The feeling of anxiety (worry) and uncertainty experienced by the reader about the outcome of events in the story.
A symbol is something which stands for or represents something else. Characters, objects, events, and settings, can all be symbolic.
The individual manner in which an author expresses his/her thoughts and feelings.
The author's attitude towards the audience as expressed through his/her writing style.
The central or main character tells his/her own story using the pronoun "I". The character tells the reader what he/she thinks and feels.
Third Person Omniscient
The characters are referred to as "he/she" and the reader knows what the characters think and feel (we get inside their heads). All characters thoughts are made clear in the text.
Third Person Limited Omniscient
The characters are referred to as "he/she" and the reader knows what one or two characters think and feel. Some character thoughts are made clear in the text; others are treated in the objective fashion.