the world's longest mountain chain, stretching along the west coast of South America
plains region of eastern Colombia and western Venezuela
a savanna that has flat terrain and moderate rainfall, which make it suitable for farming.
the vast grassy plains of northern Argentina
a South American river 1,500 miles long
the second longest river in the world and one of its three major river systems, running about 4,000 miles from west to east and emptying into the atlantic ocean
a river in central south america and one of its three major ribver systems, originating in the highlands of southern brazil traveling about 3,000 miles south and west.
a forest with heavy annual rainfall
a farming method involving the cutting of trees, then burning them to provide ash-enriched soil for the planting of crops
a technique of growing crops in step-like fields cut into hillsides or mountain slopes
negative conditions and perceptions that induce people to leave their adobe and migrate to a new location
a factor that draws or attracts people to another location
the stock of basic facilities and capital equipment needed for the functioning of a country or area
the conquering of the Native Americans by the Spanish
Capital of the Aztec Empire, located on an island in Lake Texcoco. Its population was about 150,000 on the eve of Spanish conquest. Mexico City was constructed on its ruins.
Institutional Revolutionary Party
the most powerful political party in Mexico from the 1920s to 2000, which won every presidential election during that time
a person of mixed racial ancestry (especially mixed European and Native American ancestry)
The term given to zones in northern Mexico with factories supplying manufactured goods to the U.S. market. The low-wage workers in the primarily foreign-owned factories assemble imported components and/or raw materials and then export finished goods.
North American Free Trade Agreement
A center where cultures developed and from which ideas and traditions spread outward.
United Provinces of Central America
the name of Central America after the region declared independence from Mexico in 1823
a ship canal 40 miles long across the Isthmus of Panama built by the United States (1904-1914)
(Greek mythology) the sea nymph who detained Odysseus for seven years
popular music originating in the West Indies
Economic activity that is neither taxed nor monitored by a government; and is not included in that government's Gross National Product; as opposed to a formal economy
a member of the small group of Quechuan people living in the Cuzco valley in Peru who established hegemony over their neighbors to create the great Inca empire that lasted from about 1100 until the Spanish conquest in the early 1530s
the language of the Quechua which was spoken by the Incas
South American organization whose purpose is to expand trade, improve transportation, and reduce tariffs among member countries
Treaty of Tordesillas
Set the Line of Demarcation which was a boundary established in 1493 to define Spanish and Portuguese possessions in the Americas.
a festival marked by merrymaking and processions
a form of canasta using three decks and six jokers
a martial art and dance that developed in Brazil from Angolans who were taken there by the Portuguese from Africa