Enlightenment in Europe

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Vocab for week 2

Enlightenment

a movement in the 18th century that advocated the use of reason in the reappraisal of accepted ideas and social institutions

Social Contract

an implicit agreement among people that results in the organization of society

John Locke

English empiricist philosopher who believed that all knowledge is derived from sensory experience (1632-1704)

Philosophe

Member of a group of Enlightenment thinkers who tried to apply the methods of science to the improvement of society

Voltaire

French writer who was the embodiment of 18th century Enlightenment (1694-1778)

Montesquieu

French political philosopher who advocated the separation of executive and legislative and judicial powers (1689-1755)

Rousseau

French primitive painter (1844-1910)

Mary Wollstonecraft

English writer and early feminist who denied male supremacy and advocated equal education for women

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