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Allusion

a reference to a literary, mythic, artistic, religious, or historical person/event/idea

Diction

word choice - specifically: careful attention to choosing specific words

Imagery

words that appeal to the five senses and bring to life the words in the poem

Mood

the overall emotional atmosphere or feeling in a literary work

Tone

the poet's or speaker's attitude towards his/her subject or audience

Speaker

the person whose voice we "hear" in the poem ("I" might be the poet or persona)

Theme

the main (or one of the main) ideas of the work; the message

Alliteration

the repetition of sounds at the beginnings of words in the same line or the next line

Assonance

the repetition of vowel sounds followed by different consonant sounds

Consonance

the repetition of consonant sounds at the ends of words

Onomatopoeia

the use of words whose sounds imitate actual sounds

Repetition

repeating the same word or phrase for effect

Rhyme

the repetition of words close to each other whose last vowel and consonant sounds are the same

Stanza

arrangement of a certain number of lines, usually four or more, sometimes having a fixed length, meter, or rhyme scheme, forming a division of a poem

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