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3 Written questions

3 Multiple choice questions

  1. -bean family Fabaceae
    -herbaceous dicots
    -source of protein
    -flowers are irregular
    -nitrogen fixers
    ~mutualistic association with rhizobium bacteria, forms root nodules
    ~rhizobium fixes nitrogen from air and turns into ammonia
    ~plant gives rhizobium carbs
  2. -beans (mexico)
    -peas
    -peanuts
    -soy beans (china)
    -soy products (isoflavones lower LDL cholesterol)
    -futuristic legumes (winged beans, jicama)
    -forage legumes (alfalfa, clovers, vetches)
  3. -grains
    1) wheat (triticum)= most cultivated grain
    -durum wheat (pasta)
    -gluten (bread wheat)
    -carbs, fiber, protein
    2) corn (zea mays)= from central mexico
    -tassel (group of male flowers)
    -ear (group of female flowers)
    -silks (come from ear, are stigmas)
    -flour corn
    -dent corn (animal feed)
    -sweet corn (sugar, no starch)
    -hybrid corn (self-pollinated)
    -popcorn
    3) rice (oryza sativa)= feeds more people than any other grain
    -planted on paddies (flooded fields)
    -brown rice= whole grain
    -rye= for bread
    -oats= has soluble fiber
    -barley= beer
    -sorghum

2 True/False questions

  1. fruits of grasses-simple, dry fruits
    -caryopsis fruits (grains)
    -edible grains (cereals)= wheat, corn, rice

          

  2. starchy staples-endosperm= triploid
    -embryo= germ
    -bran= outer layers of old fruit wall, the seed coat, and aleurone layer (digests starch)

          

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