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3 Written Questions

3 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. -simple, dry fruits
    -caryopsis fruits (grains)
    -edible grains (cereals)= wheat, corn, rice
  2. -endosperm= triploid
    -embryo= germ
    -bran= outer layers of old fruit wall, the seed coat, and aleurone layer (digests starch)
  3. -grains
    1) wheat (triticum)= most cultivated grain
    -durum wheat (pasta)
    -gluten (bread wheat)
    -carbs, fiber, protein
    2) corn (zea mays)= from central mexico
    -tassel (group of male flowers)
    -ear (group of female flowers)
    -silks (come from ear, are stigmas)
    -flour corn
    -dent corn (animal feed)
    -sweet corn (sugar, no starch)
    -hybrid corn (self-pollinated)
    3) rice (oryza sativa)= feeds more people than any other grain
    -planted on paddies (flooded fields)
    -brown rice= whole grain
    -rye= for bread
    -oats= has soluble fiber
    -barley= beer

2 True/False Questions

  1. legumes-bean family Fabaceae
    -herbaceous dicots
    -source of protein
    -flowers are irregular
    -nitrogen fixers
    ~mutualistic association with rhizobium bacteria, forms root nodules
    ~rhizobium fixes nitrogen from air and turns into ammonia
    ~plant gives rhizobium carbs


  2. starchy staples-polysaccharide
    -starch-storing stems
    -potato= most important starch crop (propogation is vegetative, asexual)
    -sweet potato (tuberous vine root)
    -cassava (tuberous root)
    -yam (tuber)
    -taro (corm)


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