Walker's Bio-Vocab 2

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24 terms

Calvin Cycle

a biochemical pathway of photosynthesis in which carbon dioxide is converted into glucose using ATP

Biome

A group of similar ecosystems

Cancer

Uncontrolled cell growth

Phenotype

physical characteristics of an organism

Facilitated Diffusion

movement of specific molecules across cell membranes through protein channels

Transcription

(genetics) the organic process whereby the DNA sequence in a gene is copied into mRNA

Light-Dependent Reactions

reactions of photosynthesis that use energy from light to produce ATP and NADPH

Ionic Bond

Formed when one or more electrons are transferred from one atom to another

Heterozygous

having two different alleles for a trait

Allele

one of a number of different forms of a gene

Metaphase

second phase of mitosis, during which the chromosomes line up across the center of the cell

Vertebrae

Organisms with a spine

Translation

decoding of a mRNA message into a polypeptide chain

Mutualism

the relation between two different species of organisms that are interdependent

Homozygous

having identical alleles at corresponding chromosomal loci

Photosynthesis

synthesis of compounds with the aid of radiant energy (especially in plants)

Ecology

the branch of biology concerned with the relations between organisms and their environment

Solvent

a liquid substance capable of dissolving other substances

Cellular Respiration

process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and other food molecules in the presence of oxygen

Sexual Selection

a form of natural selection in which individuals with certain inherited characteristics are more likely than other individuals to obtain mates

Anatomy

the study of the structure of an organism

Binomial Nomenclature

Classification system in which each species is assigned a two-part scientific name

Incomplete Dominance

one allele is not completely dominant over the other allele

Genotype

genetic makeup of an organism

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