Indus Valley city laid out in a grid pattern. Had a complex irrigation and sewer system.
Dark skinned, under five feet, oriental features, spoke Tamil
nomadic group of warriors who Conquered Indus River Valley & Ganges Plain; vedas from this time suggest beginning of caste system,
Chief deity of the Aryans; depicted as a colossal, hard-drinking warrior. Anthropomorphic
God of cosmic order, a strict god who punished immoral acts and transgressions of the law
an Aryan tribal chief; later ruler of Indian state
The first written language of the Indians
Written in 800B.C., the four books written in Sanskrit on different aspects or religion such as Hyms, Moral Codes, ect written to find the underlining unity of Aryan religion
a village council in India; govern themselves
Beyond reason and emotion, "the ground of being", could only be described as "That", "That" which has no other
in Hindu belief, a person's essential self
the belief that the world known to our senses is merely an illusion
an experience of total, complete, external nature of now can occur and the wisemen called this an experience of Brahman
In Hindu belief, a person's religious and moral duties
Not focusing on thought, but focusing on the "spontainious arising of each instant"
(Caste System) Made by Brahmans to stay in control of society 1) Brahmins 2) Kshatriya 3) Vaisya 4) Sudra and numerous Jati
Aryan priests, at the top of the Caste System
second highest varna, Caste of warriors
second lowest varna, the merchants
the lowest of the four varnas, farmers
A member of a degraded class; a social outcast.
"sitting near the teacher" the teachings written down, 1) Brahman exists 2) Brahman generates all that you (Atman) are 3) Maya 4) Meditation 5) Moksha
4 ways to unite with Brahman. All types of meditation (Raja, Karma, Bhakti, Jnana)
Explanation of maser eckheart, like moksha
Yoga of the Upanishads for those who ask the question what is the nature of existence and meditate to find the answer
Yoga of action for those who ask the question how can i perfect an art, skill, sport, ect
Yoga of faith and devotion to god for those who look for help in attaining salvation and ask how can i be saved and please God?
Yoga of philosophy leads the intelligent to an understanding of the limitations of thought and directs them to another Yoga