Mod A CH. 12, 13

27 terms by cd5962bm 

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neuron

This was a one year term that was made up of two people. they could present ideas to the senate that they wanted to get passed, yet they both had to agree on the bill. you could get relected but not in consecutive years and after consel you went to the senate., a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulses

synapse

the junction between two neurons (axon-to-dendrite) or between a neuron and a muscle

gial cell

a cell of the central nervous system that provides support for neurons and supplies them with some essential chemicals

neurological disorder

a disorder of the nervous system

hemiplegia

paralysis of one side of the body

lumbar puncture

removal by centesis of fluid from the subarachnoid space of the lumbar region of the spinal cord for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes

sympathetic

showing or motivated by sympathy and understanding and generosity

parasympathetic nervous system

originates in the brain stem and lower part of the spinal cord

cns

the portion of the vertebrate nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord

# of paired spinal

31 PAIRS CARRIES MESSAGES TO AN FROM SPINAL CORD SUPPLIES MOST AREAS OF THE BODY WITH NERVES

crainal nerves

creates movement in head

name the lobes of the brain

frontal, parietal, temporal, occipital, limbic, insular

cerebellum

a major division of the vertebrate brain

cerebrum

anterior portion of the brain consisting of two hemispheres

gyria

limit of rotation

autonomic nervous system

the part of the nervous system of vertebrates that controls involuntary actions of the smooth muscles and heart and glands

types of reflexes

Stretch reflex, Tendon reflex, Flexor withdrawal reflex, Crossed extensor reflex

function of the olfactory

sense of smell

auditory

of or relating to the process of hearing

optic

the organ of sight

vagus nerves

The vagus nerves are very large mixed nerves (They carry both sensory input and motor input) that innervate virtually every visceral organ. They are especially important in transmitting parasympathetic input to the heart and digestive smooth muscle.

multiple scelerosis

T cells attack the myelin sheath> fatigue, tingling, numbness, problems with motor coordination, walking, talking

parkinson's disease

a progressive disease that destroys brain cells and is identified by muscular tremors, slowing of movement, and partial facial paralysis

shingles

viral infection of sensory neurons serving the skin; scaly, painful blisters; caused by the same virus as chicken pox

herpes zoster

viral disease affecting the peripheral nerves, characterized by painful blisters that spread over the skin following the affected nerves, usually unilateral; also known as shingles

tic douloureaux

severe pain in lip, tongue or gums

cerebral palsy

a loss or deficiency of motor control with involuntary spasms caused by permanent brain damage present at birth

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