abstract of title
history of a specific real estate property, including transfers and related legal proceedings
(contract law) words signifying consent to the terms of an offer (thereby creating a contract)
the acquisition of title to additional property by it's annexation to real estate already owned. this can be the result of human actions or natural processes.
a gradual additions to dry land by the forces of nature, as when the tide deposits waterbone sediment on shoreline property
when a person who has signed a document formally declares to an authorized offcial ( usually a notary of public) that he signed voluntarily. the offical attests that the signature is voluntary and genuine.
Aquiring title to someone else's real property by possession of it. The possession must be actual, open notorious, hostile, exclusive, continuous, and uninterrupted for five years.
title aquired by a grantor after he or she attempted to convey property he or she didn't own.
The solid material deposited alone a shore by accretion
attaching personal property to land so that the law views it as part of the real property.
1. when land is suddenly ( not gradually) torn away by the action of water potenially causing a transfer of title
2. a sudden shift in water course, which doesn't cause a transfer of title
to transfer real property to another by a will
cloud on the title
a claim, encumberance, or apparent defect that makes the title to real property unmarketable
An addition to or revision of a will . it must be executed with the same formalities as a will
color of title
Title that appears to be good title, but which in fact is not.
Knowledge of a fact imputed to a person by law. a person is held to have constructive notice or something when he or she should have known it , even if he or she didn't know it. Everyone has constructive notice of the contents of recorded documents, since everyone is expected to protect his or her interests by searching the public record.
the transfer of title to real property from one person to another by means of a written document, such as a deed.
an appropriation or gift of private property for public use; may transfer ownership or simply create a public easement.
an instrument that conveys ownership of real property from the grantor to the grantee.
Real propertytransferred ina will
2. to transfer real property by will
a reciepient of real property under a will
when property reverts to the state after a person dies and the heirs ( of the beneficiaries of the will) cannot be located.
man named in a will to carry out it's provisions
woman named in a will to carry out it's provisions
good faith improver
one who recieves a grant of real property
grantee / grantor index
Indexes of recorded documents, with each document listed in alphabetical order according to the last name of the grantee
grantor/ grantee index
Indexes of recorded documents, with each document listed in alphabetical order according to the last name of the grantor
words in deed that indicate the grantors intent to transfer an interest in property.
someone entitled to inherit another's property under the laws of intestate succession
will wirtten in ones on penmanship
the procedure used for transferring the deceased's property to his or her heirs if there exists no will
An action brought by a property owner seeking just compensation for land taken for public use when the taker of the property does not intend to bring eminent domain proceedings. Property is condemned because its use and value have been diminished due to an adjacent property's public use.
means the grantor (owner of the property) did not have a choice; that the law determined that the property would be transferred as in eminent domain or other government interferences.
a person's direct descendants: children, grandchildren, great-grandchildren, and so on.
someone who recieves personal property ( a legacy) under a will
a judicail procedding in which the vaility of a will is established and the excutor is authorized to distribute the estate property; or , when there is no will , an administrator is appointed to distribute the estate to the heirs.
Right to occupy the homestead (even if decedent's separate property) rent free for life, or for so long as she chooses to occupy it as homestead, in favor of surviving spouse or minor children, but not in favor of unmarried adult child.
quiet title action
a lawsuit to establish who has title to a piece of property, ot to remove a cloud on a title
quit claim deed
a deed that conveys any interest in a piece of real property the grantor has at the same time the deed is executed. Often used to clear up a cloud on a title. it contains no warranties of any kind, and does not convey after-acquired title
race/ notice rule
when the property has been sold to two different buyers, if the second buyer records his or her deed before the first buyer ( wins the race to the recorders office), the second buyer has good title to the property - as long as he or she did not have notice of the first buyer's interest.
filing a document at the county recorders office, so that it will be placed in the public record.
Results when a lake, sea, or river permanently recedes, exposing dry land
When successive periods of use or possession by more than one person are added together to make up the five years required for prescription or adverse possession.
maker of a will
maker of a will women
the insurance that protects againsit losses resulting from the borrowers defult.
voluntary transfer of title to RE property. either a gift or selling of property