← 19.1 World History Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Robert Boyle
- Andreas Vesalius
- Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier
- René Descartes
- a "father of modern chemistry", 1st chemist to define an element. his first work was "The Skeptical Chemist" which described matter as a cluster of tiny particles (now known as atoms/molecules).
- b Flemish dr became known for his work @ the Univ. of Padua in Italy. in 1539 a judge let him dissect the bodies of executed criminals.
- c helped develop scientific method
- d ancient Greek physician assumed human anatomy was similar to animals bc he'd never dissected a human body
- e discovered Law of Conservation of mass (matter cant be created nor destroyed); recognized and named oxygen, introduced metric system, invented 1st periodic table (Which had 33 elements)
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- helped develop scientific method
- invented first microscope. 1st to describe appearance of bacteria, red blood cells, yeast, and other microorganisms.
- an era between 16th and 18th centuries when scientists began doing research in a new way using the scientific method
- [English physicist and inventor] who used an early microscope to observe and explain planets at a microscopic level. 1st to create/use the term "cell"
- Developed explanation for what kept planets in motion, published greatest work (1687) "The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy" aka "Principia" (which states the laws of gravity), developed CALCULUS (new kind of math)
5 True/False Questions
scientific method → 5 basic steps scientists developed to investigate and discover
Galileo → Built 1st telescope and discovered: Saturn, craters on the moon, sunspots, Jupiter's moons, milky way is made up of stars; published discoveries in "Starry Messenger"
geocentric theory → Theory that the earth was the center of the universe and that the Sun, moon, and other planets revolved around the earth
heliocentric theory → Theory that the earth was the center of the universe and that the Sun, moon, and other planets revolved around the earth
Nicolaus Copernicus → polish astronomer who developed the heliocentric theory, first scientist to create a complex model of solar system that combined math, physics, and astronomy; published his conclusions in "On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres" the last year of his life