> 500 TOEFL Words

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507 terms

Affinity

a natural attraction or feeling of kinship

fledgling

young and inexperienced

hackneyed

overused, cliched

incessant

never stopping

opulence

wealth as evidenced by sumptuous living

proximity

nearness, closeness

sagacious

having or showing acute mental discernment and keen practical sense; shrewd

supplant

to take the place of, supersede

unassailable

impossible to dispute or disprove; undeniable

voluminous

large in volume or bulk

brusque

Abrupt, blunt, with no formalities

dispassionate

impartial; calm, free from emotion

effervescent

bubbly, lively

indefatigable

tireless; untiring; showing no sign of getting tired

misanthrope

someone who dislikes people in general

morose

Gloomy; sullen

nonchalance

indifference, a showing of little interest

progeny

descendants, offspring, children, followers, disciples

stoic

seeming unaffected by pleasure or pain

voracious

having a huge appetite, greedy, ravenous; excessively eager

coalesce

combine; fuse

decadence

decline, decay, or deterioration; a condition or period of decline or decay; excessive self-indulgence

exemplary

outstanding, an example to others

exuberance

joyful enthusiasm

incidental

not essential; minor

insolvent

unable to pay bills; bankrupt

parsimonious

Excessively thrifty, stingy

prodigal

wasteful, a person given to extravagance

surreptitious

secret, stealthy

writhe

twist in coils; contort in pain

brevity

conciseness; shortness of duration

clemency

mercy, humaneness; mildness, moderateness

frivolous

not serious in content or attitude or behavior

heist

commit a burglary

lampoon

ridicule with satire

querulous

inclined to complain; irritable

reproach

a mild rebuke or criticism

respite

a pause for relaxation

torpor

dormancy; sluggishness; inactivity; drowziness

unscathed

wholly unharmed, not injured

copious

large in number or quantity (especially of discourse)

dearth

a lack, scarcity, inadequate supply; a famine

eloquent

persuasive and moving, especially in speech

jargon

specialized technical terminology characteristic of a particular subject

levity

lightness of manner

meander

To wind and turn while proceeding in a course.

peripheral

marginal; outer

substantiate

to establish by evidence, prove; to give concrete or substantial form to

unobstrusive

Acting in a manner that does not attract attention

vacillate

To sway from one side to the other; oscillate

appall

dismay; shock deeply

cognizant

aware; conscious

commiserate

to feel or express sympathy or compassion

expedient

serving to promote your interest

hindrance

block; obstacle

kindle

start a fire; ignite; inspire; arouse

lavish

generous; extravagant

ludicrous

ridiculous, laughable, absurd

obtuse

dull of mind, insensitive, stupid

opaque

not clear

paucity

an insufficient quantity or number; scarcity; dearth

recapitulate

to summarize; to repeat briefly

accolade

award of merit; strong praise and approval

assuage

make less severe; ease or lessen (pain); satisfy (hunger); soothe (anger)

cacophony

loud confusing disagreeable sounds

censure

rebuke formally

diatribe

bitter verbal attack

edifice

a very large building

gravity

seriousness, importance

infraction

a breaking of a law or obligation

profane

showing disrespect toward God or sacred things

somber

dark, gloomy; depressed or melancholy in spirit; morose

negligent

careless

scrutinize

To examine closely

clamor

utter or proclaim insistently and noisily

contract

squeeze or press together

duplicity

double-dealing, hypocrisy

equivocal

ambiguous; intentionally vague

irresolute

uncertain how to act or proceed

rescind

repeal; annul; cancel (a law, decision, or agreement)

stagnant

not moving

uniform

consistent; unchanging; the same for everyone

untenable

not able to be defended

vilify

to speak evil of, defame

affable

easy-going; friendly

apocryphal

of questionable authority or authenticity

desultory

without a plan or purpose; disconnected; random

garbled

confused, mixed up

irascible

irritable, easily angered

loquacious

talkative, wordy; fond of talking

blasphemy

speech which offends religious sentiments

enmity

deep-seated hostility, often mutual

erroneous

incorrect, containing mistakes

garner

to gather and store

heretic

someone who goes against accepted religious beliefs

incite

provoke or stir up

languish

lose vigor, health, or flesh, as through grief

peruse

to read thoroughly and carefully

recluse

hermit; loner

renounce

leave (a job, post, post, or position) voluntarily

indelible

Cannot be removed, washed away or erased

duty

work that you are obliged to perform for moral or legal reasons

messy

dirty and disorderly

mend

the act of putting something in working order again

heal

provide a cure for, make healthy again

demise

a death, especially of a person in a lofty position

depleted

emptied; drained; used up

neat

clean or orderly

ruminate

ponder, reflect, mull over, muse

shrink

decrease in size, range, or extent

footstool

a low stool to rest the feet of a seated person

likely

has a good chance of being the case or of coming about

sway

move back and forth or sideways

mull

reflect deeply on a subject

resemble

appear like

concealed

put out of sight; hidden

wisdom

the trait of utilizing knowledge and experience with common sense and insight

wool

a fabric made from the hair of sheep

blazing

a strong flame that burns brightly

drowziness

state of being in torpor, sleepy

catering

providing food and services

wise

having or prompted by wisdom or discernment

deceive

to make someone believe something that is not true

shiv

a knife used as a weapon

flunk

fail to get a passing grade

impart

to make known, tell; to give, pass something on

knob

a round handle

fright

cause fear in

vanish

become invisible or unnoticeable

roll out

launch new products

seizing

the act of gripping something firmly with the hands

stem cell

unspecialized cell that can develop into a specialized cell under the right conditions

trite

repeated too often

embrace

take up the cause, ideology, practice, method, of someone and use it as one's own

remain

continue in a place, position, or situation

inmate

a person serving a sentence in a jail or prison

lame

disabled in the feet or legs

slight

insult to one's dignity; snub

among

in, into, or through the midst of more than two points,objects, etc.

ease

make easier

snub

ignore, to treat with disdain or contempt

chimera

a grotesque product of the imagination

cease

put an end to a state or an activity

swath

A path or strip; the space created by the swing of a scythe or the cut of a mowing machine

ruse

an action designed to confuse or mislead, a trick

donor

person who makes a gift of property

snore

breathe noisily during one's sleep

muck

fecal matter of animals, fertilization

hold dear

be fond of, love

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