What move toward lasting peace was made by the First Universal Peace Conference?
It formed a world court to settle disputes between nationalism.
what was then leading cause of international tension in the early 1900's?
Why did the British feel threatened by Germany?
German factories out produced british factories
What brought France and Germany twice to the brink of war in the early 1900's?
Competing for colonies
What was a result of militarism?
An arm's race
What was the main intention of the alliances formed among European nations?
Discourage outside attacks
Who were angered by Archduke Francis Ferdinand's visit to Bosnia?
Serbia and Revolutionaries
What helped start World War 1?
the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand
How did the German's first respond to the assassination of the archduke?
It urged Austria-Hungary to stand firm against Serbia
How did Germany respond when Russia began to mobilize?
They declared war on Russia
Why did the British declare war on Germany?
To protect Belgium
After Russia won victories in eastern Prussia where did Germany open a front?
When the war reached a stalemate where did the Germans try to overrun the French?
World war one was the first kind of _______ war?
What did the Allies use their colonies for?
Soldiers, workers, supplies
Some colonists volunteered in hopes that in return they would win what?
Independence or Citizenship
The turks closed off Allied ships from their link to the Black Sea and Russia\, which is located where?
How did the governments pay for the war?
Raising the taxes and borrowing money
Why did the governments censor the press during the war?
To prevent discouraging news from the public
Why did women give up their jobs at the end of the war?
Because returning soldiers wanted their jobs
What promise did Vladimir Lenin make and keep when he came to power in Russia?
To pull Russia out of the war
What helped to persuade the Americans to enter the war?
Unrestricted submarine warfare
How were American soldiers the most help to Allied effort?
By providing moral boost
What were the costs of WW1?
Death of 8.5 million people
What did conservatives fear would happen in the chaotic climate after the war?
Spread of Communism
What goal for the postwar peace was shared by the British and French leaders?
To weaken Germany and make it pay for the war.
What was imposed on Germany by the treaty of Versailles?
Limits on the size of the military
What country gained it's independence following world war 1?
Why were some colonized people unhappy with the terms of the Peace conference?
The imperial rule was not ended
Germany joined the triple alliance to protect them selfs from whom?
On the eve of WW1 who was Bosnia ruled by?
What weapon contributed most to the stalemate on the Western front during WW1?
Atomic machine guns
Why was WW1 more destructive then earlier wars?
Because modern weapons were more deadly
Describe the Ottoman Empire in WW1?
It was joined at the central powers
What had the greatest impact if the outcome of WW1?
The involvement of the United States
What was an effect of militarism in Europe in the late 1800's?
Nations made political and military alliances
Why was it difficult to gain an advantage over the enemy in the trench warfare?
The machine gun made it impossible for troops to advance
What helped turn WW1 into a global war?
Describe the role of women during WW1?
Kept nations economies going in war.
What had the greatest immediate impact on WW1?
The treaty of Brestlirtovsk