unit test

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1. Hoover believed that efforts to relieve human suffering

a. Should come from private charities

2. the sit down strike

d. was first used against General Motors in 1936

4. in his 2nd term, Roosevelt was stung by each of the following EXCEPT

c. the defeat of minimum wage and maximum hour legislation

5. which of the following was NOT a program of the Hoover administration to ameliorate the Depression?

a. Reconstruction Finance Corporation

6. a short-lived agency that employed 4 million people to build roads, school, playgrounds, and athletic facilities was the

CWA

7. The Artist of this cartoon is commenting upon which of the following topics?

d. the first lady's unusually active involvement in politics which included increasing the rights of women

8. Young men were hired to clear land, plant trees, build bridges, and fish ponds by the

CCC

9. Francis Townsend Advocated that the federal government pay $200 each month to

a. all Americans over the age of 60

10. Roosevelt's Hundred Days banking legislation was designed to

support strong banks and eliminate the weaker ones

11. The Social Security Act of 1935

c. was a fundamentally conservative measure

12. Huey Long advocated

sharing the wealth

13. Criticisms of the Agricultural Adjustment Administration included each of the following EXCEPT

- Contributing to Dust Bowl conditions on the Great Plains

14. The social and economic effects of the Depression

- Hit the middle class especially hard

15. The Reconstruction Finance Corporation was designed to

- Loan money to financial institutions to prevent bankruptcies

16. The bonus army that came to Washington in 1932 was made up of

- WWI veterans who lobbied Congress

17) The National Recovery Administration sought to promote economic recovery by

promoting cooperation between business and labor

Hoover's response to the Depression could best be described as

mer.

the individual who was most responsible for promoting African American rights during the New Deal was

harry hopkins

) Under the Agricultural Adjustment Act, the federal government paid subsidies to farmers who

reduced their crop production

The Farm Security Administration was designed to C

help tenant farmers and sharecroppers buy their own land

Which of the following New Deal programs did the Supreme Court declare unconstitutional

National Recovery Act

The National Labor Relations (Wagner) Act

granted workers the right to organize and collectively bargain

Which New Deal agency was designed to assist sharecroppers in acquiring land of their own was the

Farm Security Administration

The NRA encountered each of the following problems EXCEPT

the appeal for patriotic public support fell on death ears

Which New Deal agency was designed to help American artists?

WPA

The TVA was designed to

bring modernization and jobs to desolate areas of the upper rural south

During the Hundred Days, Roosevelt did all of the following, EXCEPT

propose government ownership of major industries

Father Coughlin's radio sermons

contained blatant Anti-Semitic references

The Congress of Industrial Organizations

promoted the organization of all workers, not just skilled labor, in a given industry.

The first woman Cabinet member was

Francis Perkins

Franklin D. Roosevelt's secretary of state was

Cordell Hull

2. President Truman's primary motive for using nuclear weapons against Japan was to

end the war quickly

3. Britain and France responded to initial German aggression by attempting

to appease hitler

6. United States troops first went into combat against German troops in

North Africa

7. Supporters of the Kellogg-Briand Pact hoped it would

initiate the process of outlawing war

8. With the outbreak of war in Europe in 1939, President Roosevelt

declared American neutrality

9. Which one of the following was NOT a provision of the Neutrality Act of 1935-1937?

Complete trade embargo with all belligerents

10. Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected president

4x

11. During World War II, Germany, Italy, and Japan were collectively known as the ____ powers

Axis

12. The Munich Conference considered Germany's demands on

the Sudeten region of Czechoslovakia

13. The German invasion of the Soviet Union was turned back at

Stalingrad

14. The turning point of the Pacific war was the American victory at the battle of

midway

14. The turning point of the Pacific war was the American victory at the battle of

constantly strained by significant ideological differences

16. The general chosen to command the Allied invasion of France was

Dwight D. Eisenhower

17. The Fascist dictator of Italy was

Benito Mussolini

18. In 1931, the illusion of peace was shattered by the Japanese invasion of

Manchuria

19. The United States' strategy against Japan in the Pacific can be described as

guerilla warfare

20. Which one of the following battles prevented the Japanese assault on Australia?

Battle of the Coral Sea

21. During 1940- 1941, President Roosevelt attempted to halt Japanese aggression in Asia by

applying economic pressure on Japan through a trade embargo

The African American who proposed the 1941 March on Washington to end discrimination in defense employment was

A. Philip Randolph

The American fleet at Pearl Harbor was caught by surprise when Japan attacked because

of human miscalculations and mistakes

. Germany's use of tanks, armored columns, and dive bombers in close coordination was known as

blitzkrieg

27. The weakness of the League of Nations was revealed when Italy invaded

Ethiopia

29. To get American war supplies across the Atlantic, Great Britain

relied on the American navy to escort their supply convoys

30. The Good Neighbor Policy promised Latin American countries

a cooperative, rather than paternalistic, relationship with the US

31. The United States' response to Japan's invasion of Manchuria was

to refuse to recognize Japan's seizure of the territory

32. The Lend- Lease Act of 1941

ensured the British easier access to American war supplies

17) The crucial issue discussed at the Potsdam Conference invoved

b. war reparations

18) At the beginning of the Korean War, North Korea was

e. strongly supported by the Soviet Union

19) The pamphlet shown above was tupical of concerns that dominated which era of United States history?

a. the cold war

20) George Kennan believed firmly that

c. American foreign policy should be left to the experts

21) American policy toward Japan after World War II.

c. brought the transition of the Japanese government into a constitutional democracy

22) The Marshall Plan proposed

c. the infusion of massive amounts of American capital in Western Europe

23) At the ______Conference, the victorious Allied powers decided to take reparations from their own occupation zones in Germany.

e. Potsdam

24) The Truman Doctrine was developed as a response to problems in

c. Greece and Turkey

25) George Kennan's containment policy proposed

e. American vigilance regarding Soviet expansionist tendencies

26) The defense policy statement known as NSC-68

c. advocated a massive expansion of the American military

27) During the Korean War, General Douglas MacArthur

b. was overconfident and gave Truman bad advice

28) The leader of the Dixiecrats in the election of 1948

a. Strom Thurmond

29) President Eisenhower's first serious foreign policy crisis came when

e. Egypt seized the Suez Canal.

1. In 1953, Eisenhower appointed ____________ as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.

a. Earl Warren

2. The National Defense Educational Act was passed in response to

a. The launching of Sputnik by the Soviet Union

3. An organization founded by Martin Luther King, Jr. to promote civil rights was the

a. Southern Christian Leadership Conference

major obstacle to the continuation of creative programming in 1950s television was the

a. Disillusionment of advertisers with such programming

5. Which one of the following Eisenhower appointees is INCORRECTLY matched with his job?

a. Richard Nixon/Secretary of State

6. Eisenhower's legislative record could be characterized as

a. Very modest

8. A major point of agreement among those concerned with education in the 1950s was their belief in the need for

a. A college education

9. The first U.S. Satellite placed in Earth's orbit was

a. Explorer

10. The 1950s in American were characterized by

a. A new affluence and economic good times

12. The first president to attempt seriously to alter the historic pattern of racial discrimination in the United States was

a. Harry Truman

13. During the Eisenhower administrations, Congress

a. Was not subject to intensive lobbying by the president

) A striking feature of the culture of the 1950s was:

the abundance of self-criticism

The tone for the so-called "beat" movement was set by the novelist

: Jack Kerouac

The one significant legislative achievement of the Eisenhower years was the

: Highway Act of 1956

Which of the following was NOT a component of President Truman's Fair Deal program:

an interstate highway system

22) The best description of President Dwight D. Eisenhower's political perspective was: "

Moderate Republicanism"

The beginning of active African-American protest against discrimination occurred in:

Montgomery, Alabama

26) The dominant social theme of the 1950s was:

consumerism

27) During the Truman administration:

an order for desegregation of the armed forces was issued

29) President Eisenhower had to send in federal troops in 1957 to enforce the desegregation of the public schools in:

Little Rock, Arkansas

30) The Deep South responded to court-ordered desegregation:

with massive resistance

The NAACP lawyer who argued the Brown v. Board of Education decision before the Supreme Court was:

Thurgood Marshall

Sputnik, the earth satellite put into orbit by the Soviet Union in 1957, was capable of:

transmitting a "beep...beep...beep" radio signal

1. A former Harvard psychology professor who encouraged young people to experiment with drugs was

Timothy Leary

2. In Vietnam, American military strategists counted heavily on the benefits

of massive American firepower

3. In his program of health care, President Lyndon Johnson secured

established of the Medicare program for the elderly

4. Lyndon Johnson's domestic program was called

the Great Society

5. The first sign of student rebellion came in the fall of 1964 at the

University of California at Berkley

6. The Supreme Court decision banning school prayer was

Engle v. Vitale

7. The Soviet leader with whom both Dwight Eisenhower and John Kennedy had to deal was

Nikita Khrushchev

8. The main premise of General William Westmoreland's strategy in Vietnam

was to wage a war of attrition against the Communists

9. President Kennedy became extremely frustrated when the leaders

of the steel industry decided to raise prices

10. American foreign policy hawks believe that the outcome of the Cuban Missile Crisis

justified a policy of nuclear superiorityq

11. The building of the Berlin War in 1961 was meant to keep

East Germans from migrating to the West

12. JFK domestic program was known as the

New Frontier

13. The loser of the presidential election of 1960 was

Richard Nixon

14. The man selected to serve as secretary of defense by JFK was

Robert McNamara

15. In 1965, President Lyndon Johnson sent American soldiers to the

Dominican Republican in order to prevent a Communist takeover there

17. In general American tactics in the Vietnam

war were ill-suited for the type of war being fought

19. For the United States, the turning point of the Vietnam War was the

Tet Offensive

20. Lyndon Johnson's political downfall resulted primarily fromr

his obsession with the Vietnam Wa

21. The _____ was important stimulus for social change in the early 1960s

Supreme Court

22. In 1963 event pictured above

was sponsored by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. who delivered his I have a dream speech. This issues being highlighted by this event were addressed by which of the following Civil Rights Acts of 1964

23. Lyndon Johnson sought the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution to demonstrate

to the North Vietnamese and his political opponents, his determination to take a tough stance in Vietnam

24. American bombing of North Vietnam

generally failed to accomplish anything

25. President Kennedy's most controversial Cabinet appointment involved his choice for

attorney general

26. Lyndon Johnson must bear great responsibility for the American

problems in the Vietnam War because he failed to confront the American people with the stark truth of the war

27. Critical to FK victory in the election of 1960 was

his success in televised debates against Richard Nixon

28. The American experience in the Tet Offensive

led Lyndon Johnson to begin an effort to open peace negotiations with the Communists
E

29. JFk played down civil rights legislation because

he feared alienating Southern Democrats

30. Civil rights leader stokely Carmichael

...

31. Which of the following regions was not a foreign policy crisis for JFK

Mexico

32. Which one of the following groups sponsored the freedom riders

COR

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