Digestive

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Saliva

Secretionog the salivary glands; contains, water, electrolytes, mucus, and ptyalin

Chyme

Partially digested food that is mashed into a pastelike consistency in the stomach.

Intrinsic Factor

A deficiency of this substance leads to pernicious anemia.

Hydrochloric Acic HCl

A substance that is secreted by the lower parietal cells of the stomach: lowers the gastric pH.

Bile

This is a substance produced by the liver and stored in the bile. It is also an emulsifying agent.

Amylase (s)

Enzyme found inthe saliva; also called ptyalin. Enzymes that digest carbohydrates to disaccharides.

Proteases

Enzymes that digest proteins in to small peptides and amino acids. Classification o fpepsin, trypsin, chymotrypsin, and enterokinase.

Disaccharidases

sucrase, maltase, lactase

Chyle

Milky white lymph caused by fat digestion

Lipases

Enzymes that digest proteins into small peptides and amino acids

Secretin

A hormone secreted by the walls of the duodenum stimulates the pancreas to secrete a bicarbonate-rich substance

cholecystokinin CCK

A hormone secreted by the walls of the duodenum; stimulates the pancreas to secrete an enzyme-rich substance, and causes the gallbladder to contract and eject bile into the common bile duct.

Gastric juice

Secretion of the glands of the stomach; contains HCl, intrinsic factor, water, electrolytes, and digestive enzymes.

Liver

This organ produces bile and secretes it into the hepatic bile ducts, stores many of the fat soluble vitamins, recieves blood from the portal vein, is the home of the phaocytic Kupffer cells, and synthesizes most of the plasma proteins, including the clotting factors.

Epiglottis

The structure that directs food and water away from the larynx into the espohagus

Liver

This organ converts excess glucose into glycogen for storage and use in the regulation of blood sugar, is the chief organ of drug detoxification, and contains enzymes for urea acid sythesis.

Esophagus

The food tube; carries food from the pharynx to the stomach

Small intestine

The common bile duct empties bile into this structure

Small Intestin

Most digestion and absorption occur within this structure

Small Intestine

The inner lining of this structure is characterized by villi and microvilli; brush border cells

small intestine

divisions include the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum

small intestine

relaxation of the sphincter of Oddi allows bile and pancreatic enzymes to enter this structure.

Small Intestine

The walls of this structure secrete CCK, disaccharidases

Small Intestine

The pylorus connects the stomach with this structure. peristalsis is pendulum like in this organ.

Gallbladder

Pear shaped sac that attaches to the underside of the liver; concentrates and stores bile.

Gallbladder

Organ that is connected to the common bile duct by the cystic duct

Stomach

The parietal cells of this organ secrete hydrochloric acis and intrinsic factor

Stomach

Organ that is divided into the fundus,body, and pylorus

Stomach

The primary function of this organ is to deliver chyme to the duodenum at the proper rate.

Stomach

The walls of this organ are thrown into folds call rugae. This organ contains mucus cells, parietal cells, anc chief cells.

Stomach

Landmarks of this organ include the greater and lesser curvature.

Salivary Glands

Parotid, sublingual, and submandibular.

Salivary Glands

An inflammation of one of these structures is called mumps.

Large Intestine

Divisions include the cecum, colon, retum, and anal canal.

Large Intestine

This structure has bends or curves called the hepatic flexure and the splenic flexure

Large Intestine

A colostomy is a surgical procedeure performed on this structure.

Large Intestine

The appendix is attatched to this structure

Large Intestine

Flatus, feces, and defecation are most related to this structure.

Pancreas

Organ that responds to CCK by secreting amylases, proteases, (including trypsin), and lipases

Pancreas

Organ that decretes the most potent digestive enzymes

Pancreas

Organ that responds to secretin by the secretion of bicarbonate, an alkaline secretion,

Pancreas

Organ that secretes insulin, glucagon, trypsin, and bicarbonate-rich secretion.

Buccal cavity

Part of the mouth or oral cavity.

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