Baker V Carr
case that est. one man one vote. this decision created guidelines for drawing up congresional districts and guaranteed a more equitable system of representation to the citizens of each state
a rule for limiting or ending debate in a deliberative body
committee appointed by the presiding officers of each chamber to adjust differences on a particular bill passed by each in different form.
The United States Congress has the authority to conduct hearings, investigations, and budget reviews of the actions by the executive branch.
a member of a constituency
Special spending projects that are set aside on behalf of individual members of Congress for their constituents.
a tactic for delaying or obstructing legislation by making long speeches
benefit allowing members of Congress to mail letters and other materials postage-free
the drawing of legislative district boundaries to benefit a party, group, or incumbent
the inability of the government to act because rival parties control different parts of the government
describes a Congress that succeeds in establishing itself as dominant in legislative and foreign policy
those already holding office. In congressional elections, incumbents usually win.
A committee of the House and the Senate that usually acts as a study group and reports its findings back to the House and the Senate
act of exchanging favors for mutual gain
leader of the majority party in a legislature
leader of the minority party in a legislature
a legislative appropriation designed to ingratiate legislators with their constituents
President pro tempore
Officer of the Senate selected by the majority party to act as chair in the absence of the vice president
a new apportionment (especially a reallotment of congressional seats in the United States on the basis of census results)
policy that results in government control over individuals and businesses. Examples include protection of the environment and consumer protection
a parliamentary committee appointed for some special purpose
Speaker of the House
the leader of the majority party who serves as the presiding officer of the House of Representatives
a permanent committee
Party leaders who work with the majority leader or minority leader to count votes beforehand and lean on waverers whose votes are crucial to a bill favored by the party.