Finals US History

467 terms by sstene1

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1. Britain's adoption of mercantilism polices set it apart from other European powers of the seventeenth century

False

2. Among the enumerated articles of the navigation act of 1660 was tobacco

True

3. John Locke's writing justified revolution in some cases

True

4. Colonial governors' retained powers and prerogatives that the king no longer had

True

5. Of the great colonial wars of the eighteenth century, king Williams's war was the fourth

False

6. The New England colonies were hurt more that the southern colonies in the colonial wars of the first half of the eighteenth century

True

7. The seven years war was truly a world war

True

8. The quartering act required the colonies to provide provisions and barrack for British soldiers

True

9. The sugar act affected more Americans than the stamp act and therefore generated more protest

False

10. John Adams defended the British soldiers accused of murder in the Boston massacre

True

11.Colonial boycotts had limited popular support and no significant of murder in the Boston massacre

True

12. Colonial boycotts had limited popular support and no significant effects on the British trade

False

13. The fighting at Lexington and concord started the revolutionary war

True

14. The Germans mercenaries hired to fight the American rebel were known as Prussians

False

15. John and Sam Adams, the "patriot brothers of Philadelphia" urged their fellow colonist to reject the argument of the common sense

False

16. Thomas Jefferson was the chief author of the declaration of independence

True

17. The first conflicts of the American Revolution took place in South Carolina

False

18. During the revolution, loyalists came exclusively from the elite rank of society

false

20. Inflation was a big problem

True

21. Before the revolution was over, the British were fighting the Spanish, the French, and the Dutch, as well as the Americans.

True

22. After 1778, most of the fighting in the revolution was done in the south.

True

23. Benedict Arnold, originally a British officer, switched to the American side halfway through the was

False

24. The articles of confederation left many powers to the states.

True

25. Except in Virginia, the Anglican Church was disestablished before the revolutionary war was over

True

26. The ultimate source of legal authority

The King

27. Mercantilism involved

Government's attempt to maintain to favorable balance of trade

28. The navigation acts did all of the following

• Cause resentment among Americas
• Increase customs revenue collected in England
• Prove difficult to enforce
• Date back to the period of Cromwell's rule
NOT increase trade with England's rivals

John Locke contract theory of government argued that

men have certain rights in the state of nature, including the right to liberty,life and property

During the revolution, loyalist came exclusively from elite rank of society

false

a writ of assitance was

a blanket search warrant that did not specify the place to be searched

during the period of salutary neglect

the british government took less of a role in governing the american colonies

the spanish colonies in north america failed in part because

the regions lacked gold and silver of central and south america

french colonies in north america

established cooperative relations with the indians

the missionary priests who so energetically served in new france were:

jesuits

by 1750, the french population in north america

was vastly outnumbered by the english

of the four major wars involving the european powers and their new world colonies, the climatic conflict

the french and indian war

the french and indian war was triggered by:

conflicting french and english claims to the ohio valley

as a result of the 1763 treaty of paris, britian aquired______ from spain

florida

as a result of its defeat in the war, france

lost all of its territory in north america

at the end of the war, new orleans and all of the french lands west of the mississippi

went to spain

in retrospect, britain's victory in the french and indian war

led to the loss of its american colonies about twenty years later

as a result of the french and indian war

a sense of american nationalism was developing

the triumph of what britian called the great war saw americans

celebrating as joyously as londoners

the sugar act of 1764

taxed imports in order to raise revenue

the currency act of 1764

prohibited the colonies from making their currency legal tender

in the long run, the most important item taxed by the townshed acts was

tea

the bostonians described"supreme genius of revolutionary agitation" was

samuel adams

the boston massacre

grew out of crowd reaction and heckling of british soldiers in boston

in pennsylvania,the paxton boys

killed and threatened peaceful indians

the major objective of the tea act of 1773 was to:

bail out the East india company

which is true about the boston tea party

americans destroyed a large amount of property

the purpose of the coercive act was to

punish boston for the tea party

who participated in the boycott of british goods in colonial america

ordinary men and women

in april 1775, the british marched to concord, massachusetts, in an effort to:

seize a stockpile of weapons

which is NOT a reason that george washington was chosen as commander-in-chief of the continental army

-he was from virginia
-he had military experience
-he made himself available
-he looked like a military leader
NOT SERVE IN CONGRESS

thomas paines's pamphlet, common sense

made a powerful case for independence

the continental congress passed the resolution "that these united states colonies are, and of the right out to be, free and independent states"

after more than a year of war against the british

all of the following are true of thomas jefferson except

-it took many ideas from george mason and john locke
-it was revised by other members of the congress
-it was meant as a statement of american principle and grievance
-it spoke of certain "unalianable rights"
EXCEPT it secured the independence

thomas paines the american crisis

bolstered american morale

on christmas night 1776, washingtons crossed the deleware to defeat the

hessians

washington soon learned that the best hope of beating the british was

a long war of attrion

the state militia units

oftem seemed to appear at crucial moments and then evaporate

which of the following provided most of the money raised by the continental congress for the revolution

new issues of paper money

in 1775, washington dealt with the threat of smallpxs to his army by

ordering a mass inoculation

the american victory at saratoga resulted in

france's entry on the american side

on the western frontier, indian tribes such as the mohawks, shawnees and cherokees

supported the british

the british shifted their military effort to the south

to utilize the strengths of local tories

the american victory at yorktown would have been impossible without

french assistance

the news of yorktown inspired the british to

the end of the war

at the time of the revolution,a republican form of government

was considered a radical idea

under the articles of confederation, congress

combined legislative and executive power

which of the following was NOT a power of the national government under the articles of the confederation

the right to levy taxes on trade and commece

the revolution did all of the following except

-foster a spirit of social equality
-lower property requirements for the vote
-encourage greater participation in politics
-establish american independence
EXCEPT limit opportunties to acquire land in the west

during the period of the revolution, a slave might gain his freedom

ALL OF THE ABOVE
-if he served in the american army
-if he joined the british
-if it were granted by his master
-if he successfully ran away

the celebration of ___ soon became rhe most popular public ritual in the united states

independence day

unlike, the mayas and the aztecs, indians living north of mexico practiced no agriculture

false

england's glorious age of discovery came during the reign of henry VII

false

many of the new worlds early explorers were looking for a shorter and sfer route to the orient

true

christopher columbus had to convince his sponsors that the earth is round

false

the new world was named for the italian explorer amerigo vespucci

true

the introduction of the indian foods uch as corn and potatoes spurred a dramatic increase in europe's population

true

ferdinand megellan's ship was the first to sail around the work

true

the presence of horses greatly disputed the ecology of the great plains

true

calvisim stressed toerlance and liberal theology rather than a strict moral code

true

those who wanted to purify the church of england were called puritans

true

as a result of the "glorious revolution" england abolished the monarchy and became a republic

false

the first blacks in british america were brought to virginia

true

by the mid-1670's, many of virginia's free white adult males owned no land

true

due to its harsh winters, new englands death rate was higher than maryland or virginia

false

after being banished from massachusetts, roger williams found rhode island

true

the indian wars of the mid-1670's cost proportionately more casualties than any other american war

true

new amsterdam was the most ethnically diverse of the american colonies

true

british immigrants to america tended to retain much of their british cultures

true

when british settlers reached the new world, the entered a pristine environment little changed by human intervententions

false

people in the american colonies generally married at a younger age than those in britian

true

by 1700, rice and indigo were virginias most important export crop

false

by 1750, new england had as many slaves as virginia

false

new englanders, more than southerners, turned to the sea for their livelihood

true

nearly one-third of americans colonist lived in cities at the end of the 17th century

true

the colonies of virginia and maryland were the chesapeake colonies

true

christopher columbus sailed in the service of

spain

what was the first permanent english colony in america

jamestown

puritians who founded massachusetts bay colony in 1630 were

roman catholics who wanted to purify the church of england

which of the following colonies was established as a haven for roman catholics

maryland

scholars believe the paleo-indians migrated from asia into north america

in pursit of large animal

thousand of years after people first appeared un north america

climate changes and extensive hunting had killed off the large mammal population

the city of tenochtitlan was founded in 1325 by the

aztecs

which of the following is not considered a characterize of the mississippi indian culture

cliff dwellings and widespread use of irrigation

at the time europeans arrived in north america, indians:

tended to worship spirits in their natural surrounding

the importance of the vikings in the new world history is limited because

their newfoundland settlements were not long-lasting

navigation in the age of discovery was hampered by the inability to accurately determine

longitude

a central element of john calvins theology was his belief in

predestination

the protestant reformation in england

occured mored for political reasons than because of disagreements about religious doctrine

a major reason for defeat of the spainsh armada

storms in north sea

the english attempt to establish a colony on roanoke island resulted in

the disapperance of the colonist

which of these is true of the english society by the early 1600's

there was a growing population of beegars and vegabonds

the glorious revolution of 1688

increased the power of the parliament

the stockholders who invested in virginia company were motivated primarily by

financial profit

the british colonies differed from the spanish in all of the following except

-they experienced less centralized control
-they were developed with private investment funds rather than royal money
-they were in a more compact geographical area
-they encountered no indian empires like the aztecs or incas
NOT they were able to establish settlements which still exist today

as jamestown's leader, captain john smith

made the colonies work in order to eat

the jamestown colony finally attained a measure of prosperity from

tobacco

all of the following are true of the piligrims except that that they

-est the plymouth colony
-based their initial colonial government on the mayflower compact
-were separatists who had abandoned the church of england
-originally fled to houston
NOT were a sect of radical catholics

mayflower compact:

provided the orginal government for the plymouth colony

puritans viered the indian belief in nature filled with spirit as

satanic

during the oliver cromwell's rule, defeated english royalist would most likely seek refudge in

virginia

in the southeast, the profitability of indian captives prompted a frenzy of

slaving activity

all of the following are true about the english quakers except that they:

-were pacifists
-refused to take oaths
-sufered great persectution
-encountered wililam penn amon their number
NOT followed charismatic preachers

NOT true of georgia

-it was the last colonies to be established
-it was to serve as a millitary buffer against spainsh florida
-james oglethorpe led the initial settlers
-first permanent settlement in savannah
NOT it succeeded in keeping out slavery

by the eary 18th century, the english colonies in north america

were the most populous and prosperous on the continent

colonist arriving in the new world found that indians

regularly burned forests to promote new growth

english farm animals allowed to roam free

devastated indian land and cornfiels

benjamin franklin believed a major reason for colonial population growth was

an abundance of cheap land

in the 1st century of colonization, morality rates among settlers were highest in which regions

the south

throughout the colonies, husbands expected their wives

submission to authority

the economy of the couthern colonies centered on which fundamental fact

land was plentiful and laborers were scare

the indentured servants who came to colonies

usually worked for to seven years to pay off their debt

of all the slaves brought to the new world from africa, how many came to the colonies of british north america

about five percent

Middle passage:

the transportation of slaves in the west indies

by 1750, the small percentage of slaves lived in:

new englnad

which church dominated the chesapeake region by 1700

anglican

which is not one of the middle colonies

-NJ
-CONN
-PENN
-Delaware
NOT NY

"half-way covenant" adopted in 1662 was a puritan attempt to address the problem of

increasing materialism

the witch craze in salem started when

a slave named tituba cursed the village minister

by the 1700 the most democratic and important social institutions were:

taverns

the enlightment

encourage the idea that god was like a master clockmaker who planned the universe and set it in motion

puritans commitment to edcation is best explained by their

need to read scriptures

the great awakening developed in the reaction to the:

deism and skepticism associated with the enlightment

the religious revivals knons as the great awakening did all of the following except

-affect all 13 colonies
-split the number of churches
-feature traveling ministers
-emphasis on formal religions
NOT further promote enlightment thinking

the religious revivals known as the great awakening did all of the following

further promote enlightment thinking

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