the study of the structure of the body
study of whole body or large body structures
study of cells and tissues of the body using a microscope
study of how the body functions
tiny building blocks of matter (combine to form molecules)
combine to make up cells
group together to form tissue
group of similar cells with a common function; two or more tissue types combine to form an organ
made of two or more tissue types and performs a specific function for the body
organ system level
a group of organs that work together to perform a certain job
cushions and protects deeper tissues, waterproofs body, excretes materials, regulates the body temp., produces vitamin D
bones, cartilage, ligaments, joints; supports body, protects organs, forms blood cells,
contract( shorten) to cause movement
fast acting control system( brain, spinal cord, nerves, sensory receptors); responds to stimuli from outside and inside the body by activating appropriate muscles or glands
slower control system (endocrine glands) ; regulates body activity
Heart, blood vessels, ; transports blood which carries oxygen, carbon dioxide, nutrients, wastes, etc.
lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes, spleen ; return fluid leaked from the blood to the blood vessels, cleanse blood, house white blood cells involved in immunity
nasal passages, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs ; supplies body with oxygen and gets rid of carbon dioxide
mouth, esophagus, stomach, small and large intestines, rectum ;break down food and deliver nutrients to blood eliminate undigested food through anus as feces
(aka excretory system) kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra; removes wastes from blood , produce urine to eliminate these wastes, maintains a water and salt balance, maintains an acid-base balance
irritability, ability to react to changes in environment
nutrients, oxygen, water, stable body temperature,and atmospheric pressure
ability to maintain stable internal conditions even when outside conditions change
body is erect, feet parallel, arms at sides with palms forward
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