words that sound like the sound they describe; EX. Splash, oink
makes something that isn't human seem as if it can think, act, or speak; EX. the rock rested on the ground
compares two different things using like or as; EX. the clouds were soft as cotton
comparing two things not using like or as; usually using is, are, was, were, or am; EX. My father is a rock. The assignment was a breeze.
an expression that means something other than the literal meaning of the individual words; EX. He's in a pickle.
Words that have similar or the same meaning; happy-glad
Words with opposite meanings; EX. hot-cold