time of transition from medieval to modern times characterized by intellectual and political expansion as well as the rebirth of culture
coined the term Renaissance or "rebirth"
different sections of land owned by the same country but ruled by different rulers
Republic of Florence
Cradle of the Renaissance. Medicis ruled. Starting point for Italian progress.
Ruled Florence during the Renaissance, became wealthy from banking, spent a lot of money on art, controlled Florence for about 3 centuries
Cosimo de Medici
The "patriarch" of the ruling family of Florence that held power throughout the 15th century.
Lorenzo de Medici
Italian statesman and scholar who supported many artists and humanists including Michelangelo and Leonardo and Botticelli (1449-1492)
After 1450 this family ruled Milan as dukes, and continued to serve as leaders of the city for most of the Renaissance period. (1450-1535)
some of the the most important renaissance city states in central Italy that included Rome and were ruled by the Pope.
Machiavelli The Prince
Writer that felt a Prince should be feared, not loved if he could not have both.
Italian cardinal and military leader
Sack of Rome, 1527
armies of Emperor Charles V (king of Spain); symbolized end of Renaissance in Italy
Holy Roman emperor (1519-1558) and king of Spain as Charles I (1516-1556). He summoned the Diet of Worms (1521) and the Council of Trent (1545-1563).
the doctrine emphasizing a person's capacity for self-realization through reason
a variant of republicanism indicating active, participatory, patriotic citizenship as well as the ethos and educational ideal that goes with it
The "father of humanism". He believed that everything should be written in latin.
Bocaccio The Decameron
A work that portrays an acquisitive, sensual, and worldly society through descriptions of merchants, friars, and husbands in a humorous way.
Humanist and author of On Pleasure. He defends the pleasures of the senses as the highest good. He was the father of modern historical criticism. (p.422)
Pico Della Mirandola Oration on the Dignity of Man
Oration on the Dignity of Man member of Platonic Academy, he looked for aspects of truth not revealed in Christian scriptures. He wrote one of the most famous Renaissance works on the nature of the human mind, saying that because man was created by God, they had potential for greatness, but could also choose a negative course.
Baldasare Castiglione Book of the Courtier
This book taught men and women how to behave when courting or being courted.
quality of being a great man in whatever noble pursuit
Invented a movable printing press. It allowed mass publication and distribution of literature.
Latin for the 14th century.
Creates 3D space on 2D art using converging lines, vanishing point, etc.
Created a 3D effect using light and dark variations of colors.
Designed the dome of "Duomo de Florence".
sculpted David standing in contrapasto after his victory over Goliath.
The ranaissance artist who led the way in establishing a new style of employing deep space, modeling , and anatomical correctness.
Movement of art centered in Rome between between 1450 and 1527.
Leonardo da Vinci
Italian painter and sculptor and engineer and scientist and architect
Raphael The School of Athens
This man created this painting which showed numerous people discussing many ideas and two central characters pointing up and forward respectively to indicat the ideas of focusing on God and focusing on moving forward in life
This was an artist who led the way for Renaissance masters from his David sculpture and his painting of the Sistine Chapel ceiling
He was the leading painter of the 16th-century Venetian school of the Italian Renaissance.
Mannerism is a period of European art that emerged from the later years of the Italian High Renaissance around 1520.
Spanish painter (born in Greece) remembered for his religious works characterized by elongated human forms and dramatic use of color (1541-1614)
Renewed interest in art, science, and literature in Northern city-states.
a movement that developed in northern Europe during the renaissance combining classical learning with the goal of reforming the catholic church
Erasmus In Praise of Folly
Erasmus was the only humanist to make a living through his writing.
Thomas More Utopia
Thomas More wrote about a perfect society.
Rabelais studied Ancient Greek, and used this as he invented hundreds of new words, some of which became part of the French language.
William Shakespeare was an English poet and playwright, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's most famous dramatist.
Cervantes Don Quixote
Wrote one of the greatest peices of Spanish lit, it criticized excessive religious idealism and chivalric romance
He created wood carvings that normally depicted apocalyptical scenes.
The German equivalent of the Medici family in Italy.
The "first lady of the renaissance". She was a big patron of the arts.