a large and distinctive landmass (as India or Greenland) that is a distinct part of some continent
a fortress that overlooks and protects the city
move from one country or region to another and settle there
a body of religious and philosophical beliefs and cultural practices native to India and characterized by a belief in reincarnation and a supreme beingof many forms and natures, by the view that opposing theories are aspects of one eternal truth, and by a
sacred texts in the Hindu religion, they are a set of four collections of hymns and religious ceremonies transmitted by memory through the centuries by Aryan priests
a social structure in which classes are determined by heredity
the Hindu or Buddhist doctrine that person may be reborn successively into one of five classes of living beings (god or human or animal or hungry ghost or denizen of hell) depending on the person's own actions
basic principles of the cosmos
the teaching of Buddha that life is permeated with suffering caused by desire, that suffering ceases when desire ceases, and that enlightenment obtained through right conduct and wisdom and meditation releases one from desire and suffering and rebirth
a male religious living in a cloister and devoting himself to contemplation and prayer and work
(Hinduism and Buddhism) the effects of a person's actions that determine his destiny in his next incarnation
four noble truths
1) All life is full of suffering, pain, and sorrow.
2) The cause of suffering is nonvirtue, or negative deeds and mindsets such as hated and desire.
3) The only cure for suffering is to overcome nonvirture.
4) The way to overcome nonvirtue is to follow the Eightfold Path
right views, right thought, right speech, right conduct, right livelihood, right endeavor, right awareness, and right contemplation. seen as the "midle way"
A basic Buddhist teaching that rejects both the pleasures of sensual indulgence and the self-denial of asceticism, focusing instead on a practical approach to spiritual attainment.
unfair treatment of a person or group on the basis of prejudice
reasoning from detailed facts to general principles