Human Nutrition Final

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Energy-yielding nutrients include..

Carbohydrates, proteins and fats.

Minerals are needed for...

All of the above.

A person genetically predisposed to a diet-related disease can do little to delay the onset of the disease...

False.

Examples of water-soluble vitamins include...

Vitamin C and The B Vitamins.

A poor diet is a risk factor for the major chronic diseases seen today...

True.

Sugars, starches, and dietary fibers are examples of...

Carbohydrates.

Sugars are also called simple carbohydrates...

True.

If a total of about 2000 kcal a day were consumed (260 grams from carbohydrate, 67 grams from fat, and 90 grams from protein), what percentage of energy comes from carbohydrate, fat, and protein?...

52% carbohydrate, 30% fat, and 18% protein.

Two slices of bread contain 21.9 g CHO, 4 g PRO, and 1.5 g fat. Approximately how many kcalories are in one slice?...

59.

The study of the distribution of disease in human populations is...

Epidemiology.

A study that compares matched individuals with and without a known medical condition is known as a...

Case-control study.

The most dependable sources for up-to-date, accurate nutrition information are...

Registered dietitians.

What health practices would reduce risk for chronic diseases?...

All of these choices are correct.

Water-soluble vitamins are excreted more readily than fat-soluble vitamins...

True.

Zoochemicals are physiologically active compounds found in plants...

False.

The NHANES report contains the results of a...

health and nutrition survey of a cross section of Americans.

The basic chemical structure of protein is...

Amino Acids.

In the U.S., dietary supplements are rigorously regulated by the Food and Drug Administration...

False.

People in the United States today are more at risk for overnutrition than undernutrition....

True.

The most energy-dense food sources are...

Fats.

Ann Miles, a triathlete, wants to eat a health promoting diet and achieve dietary adequacy. Which principles should she follow to achieve dietary balance?...

Consume a variety of foods from the five major food groups every day.

Energy dense foods are

Both A and C.

Which government agency is responsible for regulating most U.S. food labeling?...

Food and Drug Administration.

One serving of Raisin Bran cereal contains 50 percent of the 18 mg Daily Value for iron. How much iron will one serving of your cereal provide?...

9 mg.

When looking at the ingredient label of a bottled spaghetti sauce, you see that olive oil is the second ingredient. This means that olive oil is...

the second most abundant ingredient by weight.

The RDAs are considered to be adequate to meet the known nutritional needs of...

nearly all healthy persons.

Which term describes failing health that results from a long-standing dietary intake that does not meet nutritional needs?....

Undernutrition.

EER refers to...

estimated calorie needs for the average person of a specific height, weight, age, gender, and physical activity pattern.

The acronym DRI stands for...

Dietary Reference Intake.

In order to make healthful and logical nutrition decisions beware of...

A and C.

The Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act (DSHEA) of 1994 classified vitamins, minerals, amino acids, and herbal remedies as...

Foods.

Adequate Intakes (AI)...

are established for nutrients for which there is not enough information to set RDAs.

Which of the following are steps to be healthy according to ChooseMyPlate?

Make half your plate fruits and vegetables.

The Dietary Guidelines were issued in response to...

concerns regarding disease patterns in the United States.

Factors that affect the amount of nutrients in foods include...

All of the above

Which of the following is true about the way we should eat to achieve good nutritional status?

Eat a wide variety of foods because no single natural food meets all human nutrient needs.

A food label states that a serving of a particular product contains 13 grams of total fat and 20 percent of the Daily Value. This means that...

when you eat a serving of this product you will be getting 20 percent of the Daily Reference Value for total fat based on a 2,000-kcalorie diet.

Kate consumes 1,900 kcalories each day. She requires 1,750 kcalories to meet daily energy needs. Over time, Kate's kcalorie consumption could lead to...

overnutrition.

The number of servings to consume from each food group (from ChooseMyPlate) depends on a person's...

age, gender, and physical activity level.

One cup of apple juice has 111 kcalories and 1.4 mg of vitamin C. The same serving size of orange juice has 112 kcalories and 124 mg of vitamin C. Which of the following is true regarding their nutrient density?

Orange juice is more vitamin C nutrient dense than apple juice.

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